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Human lifespan development - Identify the key aspects ph physical, intellectual emotional and social development of each life stage

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Introduction

Unit 8 - Human Lifespan Development There are many aspects of human growth and development. Much of our thinking today is based on the work by Abraham Maslow 1950s. He well thought-out that our health and well being were based on numerous different influences and needs which include physical, intellectual, emotional and social (P.I.E.S) factors. P1. Identify the key aspects ph physical, intellectual emotional and social development of each life stage Infancy physical development Babies are at a halt when they are born and have insufficient muscular co- ordination. Typically the development of major physical skills follows a pattern that's starts with holding up their head then leads to rolling over, sitting up, crawling and finally walking Intellectual development Intellectual development is the ability to improve one's ability to think and reason, which differs from reacting to things instinctively or emotionally. From birth to six months old infants focus on and follow moving objects with their eyes, they have different cries to express hunger anger and pain. ...read more.

Middle

Babies show anxiety and restlessness when they are with unfamiliar people. One and two year olds are known to have temper tantrums when they struggle to express their emotions. At this age they are able to identify the facial expressions of their care givers and to spot how their behaviour has an effect on them. They are able to show a sense of empathy which is usually expressed by punishing a toy and are self centred. On the other hand a three year old are more sensitive to others feelings and are willing to share toys and like making more friends, this develops when they start nursery. Social development Social development is closely linked to emotional development enormously, from when babies are born from about eighteen weeks a babies hearing comes into action and gradually becomes aware of the sounds of the world them e.g. their mothers heart beat, voices and noises of home e.g. shutting of doors etc. By the time of birth these things should be familiar and they will be able to distinguish voices from others, such things make up the very beginnings of a Childs engagement with the world around them his - socialisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

They often have a beginning but limited concept of time, describing all of the past as ' yesterday' and all of the future as 'tomorrow'. As time goes on they can grasp more detailed notions, such as distinguishing morning, afternoon and night and even realising that time involves seasonal changes too. Between the ages of three to seven children can form many daily conversations with both children and adults, happily relaying stories about their activities. By the time a child is seven they can express themselves and are able to understand detailed stories. At this age children become to be less ego centric by being able to see things from perspectives other than their own social concepts such as ethnics, fairness and justice become important to kids at this age who are developing a sense of self, deciding what kind of people they would hope to become. Social and Emotional development At ages three to five many children are interested in fantasy play and imaginary friends, fantasy play helps children to grow socially. They learn to resolve conflicts with parents or other children in ways that will help them vent frustrations and maintain self-esteem ...read more.

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