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Identify and explain methods of prevention a named communicable disease and named non-communicable disease. Strokes and tuberculosis.

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Introduction

P6- identify appropriate methods of prevention/control for a named communicable disease and named non-communicable disease M3- explain appropriate methods of prevention/control for a named communicable disease and named non-communicable disease D2 evaluate the effectiveness of methods of protecting public health for the two named diseases In this essay I will be looking at two well known diseases, one of which is communicable and the other non-communicable, and providing general information about each of them, like what they are, how they are spread e.t.c. Most importantly I will be both identifying and explaining the different methods which are used to prevent and control these deadly diseases. I will also evaluate how effective these methods are providing facts and figures to support their outcomes and weighing up the strengths and weaknesses of each method. Non-communicable disease: Stroke I am firstly going to discuss a very common non-communicable disease, a stroke. It is non-communicable as it cannot be spread. I will provide you with some general information about the disease itself. Every five minutes someone in the UK has a stroke, that's an estimated 150,000 people per year. It's a fairly common condition that is the third biggest killer in the UK. Most people affected by a stroke are over the age 65, but anyone can have a stroke, including children. ...read more.

Middle

By eating well and taking part in regular exercise you can control your risk of having a stroke. If you are don't do this and you are overweight then you are more prone to diabetes, a risk factor of strokes. Just 30 minutes of activity a day five times a week can reduce your chances of having a stroke. If you do have a medical condition then by keeping it under control with the correct treatments you can decrease your risk of suffering a stroke. The main methods of preventing a stroke are to make lifestyle changes and to raise awareness. In my opinion both of these methods are very effective. By helping people to change their lifestyles they are not only reducing the risk of suffering from a stroke but they are also reducing the risk of many other diseases this is a huge positive outcome. If people take the advice from medical professionals and make adjustments then they will build up their immune systems making it easier for them to fight of infectious diseases. The only problem with this is that it can be difficult for some people to change factors in the way they live due to money. Fitness classes, gym memberships and healthy foods are expensive it's hard for some people to know where to start. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although I think this is an effective method it still has a weakness, as it only lasts for 15 years. In some countries to control tuberculosis they have a national tuberculosis programme where authorities are notified about patients who have been diagnosed with TB. Also in America people with tuberculosis who are not taking steps to control or treat their infection can be locked away in a type of prison hospital, until they have been treated. This can take weeks or months but it protects the other members of the public and controls the disease by keeping the rates of tuberculosis down. The most important step is to find, isolate and treat all disease carriers until they are no longer an infective risk to others. It is always advisable not to get too close to people who are coughing; equally, people with a cough should be aware of those around them and try not to cough near them. Overall there are always steps to control and prevent both communicable and non-communicable diseases and they will come in different forms like vaccines, medicines or physical changes. Every prevention method will have a different effectiveness on an individual but in my own opinion these methods will soon become more advanced and hopefully in years to come the diseases can be wiped out entirely. ?? ?? ?? ?? Karlie Jane Whitmore Unit 12- Public Health ...read more.

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This assignment has been written to cover P6, M3 and D2 of unit 12 on public health of the 2007 specification. Stroke and TB have been used as the two named disorders. To achieve P6 appropriate methods of prevention/control for the two disorders need to be identified. For both stroke and TB a number of appropriate methods have been identified. To achieve M3 the methods need to be explained. There is some explanation present of the identified methods; stroke is better explained but just one resource has been used. TB is less well explained as only one method is explained and other important methods of prevention and control are missing or written using inappropriate research. The assignment lacks evaluation of the effectiveness of the methods for lifestyle changes for stroke as weaknesses are minimally explained and one prevention method has not been covered at all. There is no appropriate evaluation for TB. There is no referencing present within the assignment nor a reference list / bibliography.

Marked by teacher Jenny Spice 08/10/2013

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