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Identify key aspects of legislation and guidelines relevant to the prevention and control of infection in health and social care settings.

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Introduction

P4, M2, D1 P4 - Identify key aspects of legislation and guidelines relevant to the prevention and control of infection in health and social care settings. M2 - Explain the role of organisational procedures in the prevention and control of infection in health and social care settings. D1 - Assess how the suggested measure to manage an outbreak of infection meet the legal requirements and guidelines for the prevention and control of infection in health and social care settings. The public health act 1984 The public health act (control of disease) was written in 1984, it has become a big part of infection control and is about reporting infectious or contagiousness diseases or illnesses, this has been made a legal requirement to report them, the local authority will need to know about this; this is so that the information can be passed on to the Health Protection agency and then there can be an investigation on where the infection came from and how to prevent other people getting the infection. If infections aren't report there could be a massive epidemic and the doctor or health practitioner could be disciplined. Health and safety at work act 1974 The health and safety at work at was brought in, in 1974 and it's the main pierce of legislations that employers must use, it focuses on how people can reduce the risk of harm and states that professionals need to carry out risk assessments of places and introduce health and safety policies. This act is very important in health and social care; it stated to reduce risks professionals need to look at all risks and write a risk assessment. Professionals need to incorporate this into the service, in some places there is health and safety managers, also this act encourages people to carry out risk assessments, and look at what are the major ways people could become harmed, The health and safety effects care though assigned staff having to carry out risk assessments, and they say what the service is putting in place to protect people in the environment e.g. ...read more.

Middle

of correctly, it does not risk the health of either service user, visitor or employee; And finally that a record of all waste transferred or received is recorded and signed. Health protection agency act 2008 The health protection agency act is put in place to protect everyone from the spread of infection and diseases, it aims to advise people to monitor diseases when they occur and the patterns of diseases that appear in the country, this also makes it a duty to provide expert advice for people and information, An example of this can be when there was the Swine Flu epidemic and there were 24 hour lines for people to get advice from. Hazardous waste regulations 2005 This piece of legislation is focused on the disposal of waste and how to minimise the risk of spreading infection; this involved making sure the sharp bins and waste bins are available and that employees are aware of this and that they know why this procedure is in place and what the different bins are. There is also an element on waste minimization, this is to separate waste and minimise what waste is infectious and what isn't; this involved separate infectious waste from non-infectious waste. M2 - Employee roles to preventing and controlling infection Employees will have a number of roles and responsibilities when controlling infections and outbreaks, some of these will be explained in the next few paragraphs. Employee's responsibilities are a number to people these people can be their self, colleagues. Service users, visitors, and their employee's, the other responsibilities are though practice. One of the roles is putting in the policies and procedures that are put in place to prevent infection, this role would involve people putting things in place like hand washing, also though disposing of waste the 'right way e.g. putting sharps in sharp bins, putting clinical waste in the clinical waste bins, as these sorts of waste are in place for a reason, and that is to prevent the spread ...read more.

Conclusion

Reporting and recording infections is part of procedure, it would be the employees responsibility to carry out this task, a similar situation to above, a district health nurse will need to ensure that if he or she believe there was either another employee not following a procedure like hand washing, or changing PPE ect, then they need to have everyone's health and wellbeing as a top priority and report it, as this will ensure that people are at minimal risk of infection, especially in a health care practice where people that can enter the practice are very vulnerable when it comes to infection. A key role is though risk assessments, this is used in almost every health and social care setting and even more so in controlling infection, risk assessments are role because they can point out areas in the setting that could potentially cause problems for everyone and then by indentifying this people can look at how to reduce this. Also another role that links into this is reviewing practices and procedures this can help professionals though always looking at ways to improve that practice and constantly change and address issues that arise. This will continually improve the work place though trying out new methods. The procedure of staff carrying out risk assessments is that staff can be made aware of the risks that can arise; this is good as it can lead to members of staff being more wary of the dangers of actions and where the main risks can be. On the other hand the negative side of carrying to risk assessment procedures is because making risk assessment can take up a lot of time, and this can be time that could be spent helping service users; however it could be argued that it's more important to ensure that risk assessments are taken place. ?? ?? ?? ?? Danielle Walton-Rivers - Unit 39: Infection prevention and control Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is a good essay, particularly the second half that discusses how disease and infection can be prevented from spreading.

The writer could enhance the essay by trying to link a few of the areas together. A few more examples in the first part of the essay would really help raise the level of the work.

***

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 08/10/2013

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