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Identify the health risks that result from the teenager's behaviour Alcohol and Tobacco

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Case studies Stephen Ganda is the manager of a leisure centre. Recently he's noticed that a group of teenagers have started to meet outside the centre. The teenagers seem to spend their time smoking and drinking wine and cans of beer. Stephen has spoken to the teenagers about the situation, as he is concerned about the effects of regular drinking and smoking on the teenager's health and well-being. The teenagers say that they're enjoying themselves and aren't harming anyone. Stephen has decided to approach the local health promotion unit to request that they plan and carry out some health promotion work with teenagers. 1. Identify the health risks that result from the teenager's behaviour. The risks Alcohol has been linked to a wide range of illnesses, such as the increased risk of mouth, pharyngeal and oesophageal cancers (this risk being greatly increased if combined with smoking). Furthermore, alcohol probably increases the risk of colorectal and breast cancer. And the list doesn't stop there: high blood pressure which increases the risk of a stroke, gastrointestinal complications, such as gastritis, ulcers, and liver disease, and the depletion of certain vitamins and minerals can all be caused by alcohol consumption. ...read more.


These areas are associated with motivation, impulse control and addiction. Alcohol is a neurotoxin, which means it can poison the brain. One of the effects of excessive alcohol use is that it interferes with vitamin B absorption; this prevents the brain from working properly. Long-term binge drinking can lead to a range of disorders, collectively known as alcohol-related brain damage. Symptoms can include learning and memory problems, and difficulties with balance. Other risks Alcohol is a significant factor in other risky situations, including: * Fighting or brawling * Drowning A cigarette contains about 4000 chemicals, many of which are poisonous. Some of the worst ones are: * Nicotine: a deadly poison * Arsenic: used in rat poison * Methane: a component of rocket fuel * Ammonia: found in floor cleaner * Cadmium: used in batteries * Carbon Monoxide: part of car exhaust * Formaldehyde: used to preserve body tissue * Butane: lighter fluid * Hydrogen Cyanide: the poison used in gas chambers Every time you inhale smoke from a cigarette, small amounts of these chemicals get into your blood through your lungs. ...read more.


This means that you won't do as well in activities where breathing is important, like sports, dancing, or singing. Smoking paralyses the cilia that line your lungs. Cilia are little hair like structures that move back and forth to sweep particles out of your lungs. When you smoke, the cilia can't move and can't do their job. So dust, pollen, and other things that you inhale sit in your lungs and build up. Also, there are a lot of particles in smoke that get into your lungs. Since your cilia are paralysed because of the smoke and can't clean them out, the particles sit in your lungs and form tar. Addiction Nicotine is more addictive than cocaine and heroin. Nicotine can alter brain activity including mood swings and poor concentration. 2. I think the local health promotion council concentrate on the alcohol situation. As drunk teenagers would be a much worse problem than smoking. They could cause a lot more problems for the community. Therefore it is there best interests to sort it. 3. Why it is not a good idea. What it does to your body (inside and out), what will happen in the future. 4. speakers in schools, posters, websites, pens, leaflets. ...read more.

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