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In 1987, World Health Organization's recommended Hong Kong to form a central council to co-ordinate measures against tobacco use.

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Introduction

In 1987, World Health Organization's recommended Hong Kong to form a central council to co-ordinate measures against tobacco use. The Hong Kong Council on Smoking and Health (COSH) was thus established under its own ordinance. There are eight main aims of COSH as follow, protect and improve community's health by promoting a tobacco-free lifestyle and by working towards a tobacco-free community in HK. It held some campaigns for actions tobacco use and advocate for the control of tobacco marketing and promotions, especially to the young. COSH also inform and educate the public about the harm of tobacco use, prevent non-smokers from taking up smoking, protect the health of non-smokers from the hazard of passive smoking and promotes quitting among smokers. Moreover, it engages in, promote, and commission research into the causes, prevention and cure of tobacco dependence and its adverse effects and related diseases, and publish the results of such research. What COSH did to meet its aims? For the aim of protecting and improving the health of the community, COSH held "Let's Create Smoke-Free Environment" Carnival 1 which including colour contest, slogan contest and smoke-free poster design protest, it helps to raise public awareness on the harmful consequences of smoking and passive smoking. ...read more.

Middle

The government should put forward legislative amendments that the tobacco industry should comprise a total advertising ban, including brand extension promotion on tobacco products and packaging of cigarettes should be de-glamorized and inserted with health warnings and messages that are relevant to the actual harm caused by tobacco. COSH also promoted school educational and promotional activities5 to inform and educate the public about the harm of tobacco use and prevent non-smokers from taking up smoking. For the School Health Talk Programme, in 2002-03 a total of 182 health talks were organized by the Council that covering more than 50000 students. And there are many different kinds of education materials like audio-visual education kits, exhibition panels, information on smoking and health, tobacco control, video cassettes, VCD etc. Many services provided by COSH to promote quitting among smokers6, like "The Quitline" which is the first smoking cessation counselling hotline service in Hong Kong. Four clinics of Department of Health are providing Smoking Cessation Program. Many reports7 can show the engage in, promote, and commission research into the cause, prevention and cure of tobacco dependence and its adverse effects and related diseases, and publish the results of such research. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aims of smoking prevention should therefore include prevention of experimenting, as well as preventing continued smoking among those who have experimented. Special efforts are needed to prevent smoking in girls. Another report released by COSH show a total of 1,078 respondents were interviewed through telephone from Nov. 1999 to Jan. 2000 and 69% of the respondents claimed that they were often or sometimes exposed to passive smoking9. Health education about the hazards of smoking and passive smoking should continue. This survey shows important gaps in public knowledge about the hazards of smoking. These should be addressed urgently. For example, a new wave of health education should focus on the fact that smoking damages respiratory and sexual health, causes many different cancers in addition to lung cancer, and rapid aging of the skin. For the above data show that it is not enough public awareness for protect the health of non-smokers from the hazard of passive smoking. 1 (COSH Annual Report 2002-2003) 2 (COSH Annual Report 2002-2003) 3 (COSH Annual Report 2002-2003) 4 (press release by COSH dated 31/5/2002) 5 (http://www.info.gov.hk/hkcosh/en_main.htm) 6 (http://www.info.gov.hk/hkcosh/en_main.htm) 7 (http://www.info.gov.hk/hkcosh/en_main.htm) 8 Report no.7- The Youth Smoking and Health Survey 1999 released by COSH 9 Report no.6- Public Opinion on Smoke-free Restaurants in 2000 released by COSH ...read more.

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