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In the following essay I will be talking about type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is on the increase and is now a very prominent public health issue.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the following essay I will be talking about type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is on the increase and is now a very prominent public health issue. I have a great interest in the metabolic disease as both my maternal and paternal grandparents suffered from it. Type 2 diabetes is very prevalent within my family and if the disease is hereditary both my parents and I may be at risk of it. Diabetes is more like a way of life to many Asian people as they feel they are more than likely to get it. I hope to prove diabetes is down to an individual lifestyle and dietary choices. Diabetes affects 2.8 million people in the UK. It is thought that a further one million people have the condition but are not aware of it. There are two different types of diabetes 'Type 1' and 'Type 2'. With type 1 diabetes the signs and symptoms are usually very obvious and develop very quickly, typically over a few weeks. The symptoms are quickly relieved once the diabetes is treated and under control. With type 2 diabetes the signs and symptoms may not be so obvious, as the condition develops slowly over a period of years and may only be picked up in a routine medical check up. Symptoms are quickly relieved once diabetes is treated and under control. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age. People from African Caribbean and South Asian communities are advised to get tested for diabetes if they are over 25 and have any of the risk factors. White people are advised to get tested for diabetes after the age of 40. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a complicated interplay of genes, environment, insulin abnormalities, increased glucose production in the liver, increased fat breakdown, and possibly defective hormonal secretions in the intestine. The recent dramatic increase indicates that lifestyle factors (obesity and inactive lifestyle) may be particularly important in triggering the genetic elements that cause this type of diabetes. ...read more.

Middle

It had many subheadings such as 'Can my diabetes change?', 'What can I eat? 'and 'Diabetes and Adolescences'. The book was published over 6 year ago so it was not a completely reliable source but it was very informative and insightful. Unfortunately I was unable to read the whole book due to time constraints for the assignment but I read a few chapters. I also picked up a leaflet from my G.P.'s office on diabetes. The leaflet was called Diabetes Complications and How to Prevent Them. The leaflet was very informative on the long term effects of diabetes and ways to help you avoid causing damage to yourself. I watched a documentary about diabetes called 'Diabetes: The Silent Killer'. The documentary is about type 1 diabetes. Although I am looking into type 2 diabetes the documentary was very insightful on how diabetes affects the whole family and not only the individual. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are quiet similar but are different in the fact that type 1 diabetes is usually in younger children and type 2 often develops in adulthood. Social, Environmental and Lifestyle Factors Exercise and Balanced Diet By choosing to eat a healthy balanced diet you'll already have started to manage diabetes by helping to control your blood glucose levels, blood fats and blood pressure. It will also help to regulate your weight. If you're overweight it's especially important to try and achieve and maintain a lower weight. Even small weight losses lead to surprisingly big reductions in the risk of diabetes and will also reduce your risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke. Finding the balance between the amount of carbohydrates and fat is important. Cut down on the amount of fat you eat - particularly saturated fats, as this type of fat is linked to heart disease. Choose monounsaturated fats, e.g. olive oil and rapeseed oil. ...read more.

Conclusion

Healthy eating and exercising are the best way to help avoid type 2 diabetes. Healthy eating campaigns have been in schools for many years now. I think the NHS should add diabetes to the campaign so it shows how healthy eating can help prevent diabetes. If you are overweight, you're at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes and weight are very closely linked I think if this was emphasized more and people could visually see the link between the two it may cause them to question what they eat and how much they exercise. Type 2 diabetes is also rife amongst the African -Caribbean and South Asian communities I think this is because there traditional food very salty and a lot of it is fried. I believe more should be done to educate them on how they could prevent getting diabetes. a social gathering where you give recipes on how to make healthy meals and reduce the amount of salts and sugars may encourage them to start eating healthier. Type 2 diabetes is a widespread problem which is on the increase. There is no cure and many of the side effects are irreversible. The NHS are providing free health check up's, this may entice people to get a check up and it could also save the NHS millions of pounds. As the check up is free anyone can get it done, diabetes is very common among the lower classes and as many of them have no extra disposable income it is a excellent way to get them to get check over. Many people now have access to the internet either at home, school, work or an internet caf´┐Ż. With the online test it takes no longer than 5 minutes as it is a multiple choice questionnaire. This is an excellent way for people to check whether they might be at risk of diabetes. I believe the website should be more advertised as it is private and no one has to know. http://www.bbc.co.uk/caribbean/news/story/2007/11/071114_diabetesday.shtml http://www.diabetes.org.uk/About_us/News_Landing_Page/Diabetes-UK-pinpoints-key-diabetes-research-in-South-Asianpeople/ http://www.nhs.uk/news/2009/03March/Pages/DiabetesVirusLink.aspx http://www.nhs.uk/Tools/Pages/Diabetes.aspx http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2008/oct/08/nhs. ...read more.

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