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In this assignment I am going to describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefits to the body.

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Introduction In this assignment I am going to describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefits to the body. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food. Your liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which the body uses for sugar. Sugars and starch are the main types of carbohydrates; these carbohydrates provide energy for the body 'Carbohydrates are naturally occurring compounds that consist of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and are produced by green plants in the process of undergoing photosynthesis. In simple terms, photosynthesis is the biological conversion of light energy (that is, electromagnetic energy) from the Sun to chemical energy in plants. It is an extremely complex process, and a thorough treatment of it involves a great deal of technical terminology energy for your cells, tissues and organs'(Reference answers). Monosaccharides Monosaccharides are the most basic unit of carbohydrates. They are the simplest form of sugar and are usually colourless, water-soluble, crystalline solids. Some monosaccharides have a sweet taste. Monosaccharides are carbohydrates in the form of simple sugars. ...read more.


is sometimes notably different from sucrose, so they are often used in complex mixtures that achieve the most natural sweet sensation.' Proteins We need to have a balanced diet which includes Protein as protein builds up, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body. We also need protein in your diet as it helps the body to repair cells and make new ones. Protein is also important for growth and development.Proteins consists of amino acids and can be found in such as meat and fish. These are one of the greatest sources of protein. However, protein can also be found in cereals, dairy products, nuts, lentils, pulses and some vegetables. 'Peptides consist of two or more amino acids. Polypeptides and proteins both contain ten or more amino acids, but peptides consisting of more than fifty amino acids are classified as proteins.' (scientific psyphhic) Lipids Lipids are another type of organic molecule which contains carbon. When you think of fats, you should know that they are lipids. Lipids are also used to make steroids and waxes. ...read more.


* Calcium is vital for building strong bones and teeth. Calcium also helps the clotting of blood and helps nerves carry messages, to keep our hearts beating properly. * Magnesium helps muscles and nerves function, steadies the heart rhythm, and keeps bones strong. Magnesium helps the body create energy and make proteins. * 'Sodium Controls the volume of extracellular fluid in the body and maintains the acid-alkali (pH) balance in the body' (organic trade). Sodium is necessary to maintain electrical potentials of the nervous system; sodium also helps the functioning of muscle and nerve tissues. Sodium comes from table salt, as well as processed foods. * Potassium helps the muscle and nervous system function. Potassium also helps the body maintain the balance of water in the blood and body tissues which is essential for kidneys to function normally. * Selenium helps to contribute the efficiency of the immune. Selenium can be found in: egg yolk; garlic; seafood, and whole-grain flour. * Zinc is important for growth, sexual development, strong immunity, and wound healing. Minerals such as Zinc helps the healing process of internal and external wounds, Zinc decreases cholesterol deposits and helps to promote mental awareness. - 1 - ...read more.

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