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In this assignment I will describing the clinical investigations carried out and measurements made to diagnose and monitor the disorder of Mrs Bibi (Diabetes) and Mr Haque (Asthma)

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Introduction

M2: Unit 14: Explain possible difficulties involved with making diagnosis from signs and symptoms displayed by the individuals and the results of their investigation In this assignment I will describing the clinical investigations carried out and measurements made to diagnose and monitor the disorder of Mrs Bibi (Diabetes) and Mr Haque (Asthma) referring back to P1 and P2. When people suffer from diabetes they pass a lot of urine, lose weight without knowing and at the same time have an increased appetite as they feel hungry all the time. However, if you have asthma then the symptoms are that you will get out of breath and you will have wheezing noises. Also I am going to explain the possible difficulties involved with making diagnosis from signs and symptoms displayed by both my clients and the results of their investigations. How are diabetes and pre-diabetes diagnosed? The following tests are used for diagnosis: * A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood glucose in a person who has not eaten anything for at least 8 hours. This test is used to detect diabetes and pre-diabetes. * An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) measures blood glucose after a person fasts at least 8 hours and 2 hours after the person drinks a glucose-containing beverage. ...read more.

Middle

But women of all ages with diabetes have an increased risk of heart disease because diabetes cancels out the protective effects of being a woman in her child-bearing years. People with diabetes who have already had one heart attack run an even greater risk of having a second one. In addition, heart attacks in people with diabetes are more serious and more likely to result in death. High blood glucose levels over time can lead to increased deposits of fatty materials on the insides of the blood vessel walls. These deposits may affect blood flow, increasing the chance of clogging and hardening of blood vessels (atherosclerosis). What are the risk factors for heart disease and stroke in people with diabetes? Diabetes itself is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Also, many people with diabetes have other conditions that increase their chance of developing heart disease and stroke. These conditions are called risk factors. One risk factor for heart disease and stroke is having a family history of heart disease. If one or more members of your family had a heart attack at an early age (before age 55 for men or 65 for women), you may be at increased risk. You can't change whether heart disease runs in your family, but you can take steps to control the other risk factors for heart disease listed here: Having central obesity: ...read more.

Conclusion

Other health conditions have symptoms that may mimic asthma symptoms. Let's look at some common "asthma mimics." Conditions that can mimic asthma include: Sinusitis: Also called a sinus infection; an inflammation or swelling of the sinuses. Sinusitis and asthma often coexist. Myocardial ischemia: A disease of heart function characterized by inadequate blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. Pulmonary embolism: A blood clot in the pulmonary artery in the lungs. Angina: Chest pain due to lack of blood flow to the heart. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A general term for several lung diseases, most commonly emphysema and chronic bronchitis, most commonly caused by cigarette smoking. Chronic bronchitis: Irritation and inflammation (swelling) of the lining in the air passages, also a form of COPD from smoking. Congestive heart failure: A heart condition in which the heart does not pump correctly, leading to a build up of fluid in the lungs. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV): This virus can cause bronchitis and pneumonia in children and may lead to childhood asthma. These are other illnesses which an individual can have, and just because some symptoms are similar to Asthma does not mean the person has Asthma. They have to seek medical advice and allow the doctor or consultant to diagnose the illness if they do have it. http://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/asthma-mimcs ?? ?? ?? ?? Sabina Bibi 6LB ...read more.

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