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Infection Prevention and Control - P3

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Introduction

P3 - Describe standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health or social care workplace Within this assignment I will describe standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a health or social care workplace. I have chosen to focus this assignment on a residential home as I believe the precautions which are taken in this health care setting are very important in the control of infection. Standard precautions are produced in order to ensure that all relevant steps are taken to protect residents, and staff from infections within the residential care home. Within care settings like a residential home; infectious diseases are able to spread due to the large number of residents inhabiting the home who are sharing living and eating accommodation. 'Infection is a major cause of illness among care home residents and may result in avoidable admissions to hospital.' http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_4136384.pdf Infection control and awareness is therefore very important, as minimising the risk of infection were possible through following the standard precautions implemented by the health care setting can prevent infections spreading. It is essential that all residential care homes follow and meet the requirements produced by the Care Standards Act 2000. ...read more.

Middle

However, due to this procedure not been promoted enough and enforced, many health care workers do not wash their hands when providing care for their clients. It is compulsory that hand washing is performed before a care worker comes into direct contact with a client and also after any contact which could result in their hands becoming contaminated. For example, if a residential service user was sick unexpectedly and the care worker had their bodily fluids on their hands, they should wash them immediately as this is how infections can spread. Every member of staff should be trained in performing hand hygiene correctly using liquid soap and water and also an alcohol hand wash to eliminate any bacteria on the hands. To enable carers to perform hand hygiene correctly necessary facilities are required such as; a hand wash basin with both hot and cold water and also disposable paper towels. If any of these facilities are not available it may cause cross contamination of infections throughout the residential care home. Personal Protective Equipment, referred to as PPE must be taken in consideration in every health and social care setting including a residential home. ...read more.

Conclusion

It should be clearly stated on the box that it is fragile and all contents should be placed in a heavy duty plastic bag. The choice of decontamination method depends on the risk of infection to the patient who comes into contact with equipment. Such items can be categorised into three risk groups, these are; � High risk - these include items which are used to penetrate skin or mucous membrane; or enter the vascular system or sterile spaces. They need to be sterilised if they are going to be reused. � Medium risk - these are items which come into contact with intact mucous membranes or may be contaminated with particularly dangerous or readily transmittable organisms. Such items require cleaning followed by disinfection or sterilisation. � Low risk - these are which come into contact with intact skin or do not contact the patient directly. These items require cleaning. Overall within this assignment I have looked closely at the standard precautions for the prevention and control of infection in a residential home. In order for infection not to be spread within a health and social care setting it is essential that care workers understand their roles and responsibilities. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Laura Wingfield Group B Infection Control Lorraine Mcleavy - P3 ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A very good essay. The writer has discussed potential hazards for spreading infection and how to prevent it.

It is particularly good because the writer has centered their work around one setting. This has allowed a variety of examples and shows application to one area, which makes for a good piece of writing.

****

Marked by teacher Sam Morran 08/10/2013

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