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Introduction to working with children. There are many different types of settings which provide care and education for children and families. The main three settings are the statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector.

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Introduction

Unit 1 - Introduction to working with children E1/E2 There are many different types of settings which provide care and education for children and families. The main three settings are the statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector. Statutory sector is a service that by law has to be provided by the government to children and families. The Tassoni, book, states 'the role of the government is either directly to provide statutory services or to supervise them through a government department' (Tassoni, 2007, page 331) This means that the government has to set up, control and fund the different services, but since the government cannot be everywhere they supervise the services through ' a government department', i.e. the local council. Some examples of a statutory service are things like, the local park or the NHS (National Health Service). The NHS a part of public health care which is important and is used by many people in Britain everyday. The NHS is paid for by taxes which have come from public people. Taxes are also used to fund things such as public state schools. Many people depend on these schools so that their children get the good education they have the right to. Park View Primary School is an example of a statutory state school. The school has an estimated 410 pupils and 25 full time equivalent places for the nursery. There are 14 classes covering the infant and junior stages of education. The two classes in each age group are organised to achieve a fair distribution of children based upon age and sex. The schools formal teaching hours are in line with the DfES recommendations. Classes are mixed - ability groupings with each class having its own teacher for most areas of curriculum. The school offers a range of extra-curricular activities to enrich the lives of the children. These activities extend through sports and pastimes, music, art and drama, and are open to all children. ...read more.

Middle

To avoid discrimination against any particular child, it will be important to reflect their diverse needs in the routines and plans of the setting.' (Tassoni, 2007, Page 380). This basically means that every child is an individual and needs their own individual needs supported. As an early years worker we also need to consider and carry out inclusiveness. Inclusiveness basically means, 'including everyone'. Examples of inclusion in the setting include, providing suitable equipment (e.g. scissors, chunky pencils, chairs, tables, etc), not having favourites, etc. Not having favourites is especially important to be avoided because it is not just being unfair on others; it is also seen as being extremely inappropriate. The UN convention on the rights of the child, Article 2, states: 'Children must be treated without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or any other opinion, national, ethnic, or social origin, disability, birth or other status'. This article is very important in relation to children and as an early years worker we have a responsibility to promote this article. The points considered earlier to do with diversity and inclusion can support this. As early years worker we need to make sure that we treat all children and families we come in to contact with equally. This means we have to respect all children and their families, and we can do this by recognising diversity and providing inclusion. E6 Professional Practice Being Approachable Being approachable is important when working with young children because it makes the children feel more relaxed and feel more comfortable being around you, also if, for example a child is being bullied or if their is some problems than the child will be able to tell you and you will be able to deal with it effectively because you know about it. Being approachable is also linked with things such as friendliness and trust. ...read more.

Conclusion

A In the early years setting a Child Centred Approach is important. A child centred approach is to ensure the child is considered first before anyone else and also focusing on what the child wants, and letting child be creative and explore things for themselves. It gives children the opportunities to develop their creative skills for later life. It also enables the child to focus, enables the child to learn in an fun environment, reach their goals, focus on their individual needs, increases self-esteem and self-confidence. The Growing Places websites defintion of Child Centred Approach is, 'The Child Centered Approach promotes the right of the child to choose, make connections and communicate. It allows freedom for children to think, experience, explore, question and search for answers. It presents a creative celebration of children's work. (http://www.growingplaces.org.uk/reggio.htm, Last accessed 12/11/10) A Child Centred Approach is linked with the every child matters, since we need to meet all children's needs, and deliver the highest standards to do with safety, hygiene, etc. Also to do with this is the UN Convention on the rights of child, and the Children Act 2004, and Childcare Act 2006. We also need to put the child first and support their individual needs, through inclusion, diversity and diffrentiation. In a child centred approach we need to listen and value all childrens opinions and this also means we can plan activities so they are focusing , learning and most importantly developing. The Beaver book states, 'Child centered practice ensures that the children's wellbeing and interests are at the centre of practice, where children are recognised as individuals and where children are encouraged to reach their full potential.' (Beaver et al, 2008, page 214) In the setting the childs need are always paramount. One of the CACHE principles are: 'Respecting the child as an individual', this is important because every child is different and has different needs and also respecting them builds self esteem. Another CACHE principle states: 'Enabling the child to achieve their full learning potential', this is important because it will increase child's intellectual development. ...read more.

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