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Life Stages - physical and emotional development from conception to death.

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Development Needs Physical Intellectual Emotional Social Stages Conception Egg and Sperm combine after sexual intercourse and creates a living being. N/A N/A N/A Pregnancy Through 3 stages (trimesters) the foetus starts to grow and develop. N/A N/A N/A 0-3 Through the early stages of a baby's life they begin to form an attachment with the primary carer. The baby has to have soft foods/milk to grow. Although a newborn baby has not got a fully developed brain, they can usually use their senses very well e.g. hear sounds and tell differences in the way things taste. Infants can learn through repetition, conditioning and modelling. Although they don't quite understand the meaning. Infants will say there first words around 10 months but will only understand limited words When a child is 1 they can roughly speak 5 words without understanding, but by 2 years of age this will increase to around 200 words with some understanding. ...read more.


Peer group becomes more significant as dependence shifts to friends for help, loyalty, and sharing of mutual interests. 10-18 From the ages of 10-12 puberty begins with rising hormone levels. Gender specific physical changes appear starting with the enlargement of breasts in girls and testes in boys. From the ages 13-15 Body continues to grow in height and weight. Also Motor performance gradually increases. Another thing is girls start to menstruate and boys to ejaculate. From the ages of 16-18 Boys develop deeper voices and patterns of facial hair, and typically grow taller than girls. Girls tend to grow wider in the hips, and breast development continues for several years. Long-term knowledge base grows. Language skills expand to include synonyms, categories, double meanings, metaphors, humour, and complex grammatical structure. Thinking becomes more self-conscious, idealistic, and critical. Vocabulary expands to include abstract words. Ability to grasp irony and sarcasm develops. Changes in physique, sexuality, cognitive functioning, and society's treatment may challenge sense of self. ...read more.


Experiences of facing age discrimination more likely. Issues of identity and intimacy peak by age 30. Friendship and marriage/partnership continue as primary sources of relationship. 65+ The brain functions much slower and decreases in size. Sight and hearing become severely worse at this period. Bones also become brittle and organs become weak. Also you begin to look older. Some short-term memory abilities declined, but methods can help compensate for memory loss and slower thinking. Language abilities based on memory and processing speed decline, but overall vocabulary continues to grow. Wisdom, experience-based problem solving, and semantic knowledge increase More time to reflect on emotions and relax. Retirement experience shaped by social class and gender factors, including income and health. Satisfaction with life largely dependent on family involvement. Final stages More likely to suffer from disabilities. Memory decreases. Many people at this period suffer from depression due to the lack of their independence. Those who suffer from disabilities are less likely to be able to socialise, therefore there is any social development needs. ...read more.

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