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life stages

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VALERIE ABONE National diploma in health studies Life span development Tutor: Trish Gregory TASK ONE Human development first begins at conception. Though there is physical development there is not much social, intellectual and emotional development involved. CONCEPTION During conception the fertile egg is being fertilised by the male sperm. Then within 0n to one and a half day the fertilised egg begins to divide in to cells. The cells then develop to form an embryo. By eight weeks the embryo grows to about 3-4 cm and now has a heartbeat, starts growing ears, eyes, mouth, legs and arms and this is now known as a foetus. The foetus then continues to develop with all the organs till 32 weeks when it is ready to be born. INFANCY 0-2 YEARS: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: After the baby is born and continues to develop physically. Firstly when the baby Is born they have to learn how to take easily digestible foods such as breast milk and baby milk to grow. Their body organs and brains continue to develop but not so very fast. All babies are born with reflexes such as the rooting reflex which is the babies ability to turn their heads towards any touch on their cheeks, the ...read more.


They begin to learn social roles and behaviours with their family. As they grow older they become more independent and form other social relationships with other children which is known as secondary socialization and they form social circles with other children who like and agree with each other. As they grow older towards adolescence friendship becomes more and more important to them. ADOLESCENTS 10-18: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: This is the stage of life where growth is rapid and it is also known as a growth spurt where they grow faster and taller than before. This is also when puberty kicks in. Puberty always begins for boys a little bit later than girls which are between the ages of 13-15 and for girls during the ages of 11-13. This is when hormones are being triggered and the sexual reproductive organs are being greatly developed. For girls their breasts develop and are enlarged, they grow pubic hair, hair under the armpits and the fat layers under the skin are increased and menstruation begins. For boys there is an enlargement of the testes and penis, grow pubic hair, armpit hair and facial hair. ...read more.


SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: At this age and time many adults go on retirement and so have more free time. With this some people go through life crises where they try to do all the things they had no time doing. Some use this time to increase their involvement with family and close friends. They tend to withdraw from social activities with others. LATER STAGE OF LIFE 60+ TILL DEATH: PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: Here there is very little physical activity and strength. Most old people become too weak to walk or do physical activities. They lose their teeth and their physical structure changes and they become rather short and smaller. INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT: At this stage of there is no more intellectual development. Instead people at this stage tend to have very little intellectual abilities and they tend to be very forgetful and slow. It is commonly said they tend to become babies again. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT: They become more emotionally connected to their families and carers for help and assistance. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: At this age there is very little or even no social development and older people disengage from social activities and due to their physical state they prefer to stay with close friends and family. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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