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Liver Cancer.

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Liver Cancer What is Liver Cancer? The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. It lies under the right ribs just beneath the right lung and diaphragm The liver is shaped like a pyramid and is divided into right and left lobes. Unlike most other organs, the liver receives blood from two sources. The hepatic artery supplies the liver with blood that is rich in oxygen. The portal vein carries nutrient-rich blood from the intestines to the liver. The liver performs several vital functions. It processes and stores many of the nutrients absorbed from the intestine. It also makes some of the clotting factors needed to stop bleeding from a cut or injury. The liver also secretes bile into the intestine to help absorb nutrients. The liver is also very important in removing toxic wastes from the body. Because the liver is made up of several different types of cells, several types of tumours can form in the liver. Some of these are cancerous and some are not cancerous (benign). These tumours have different causes and are treated differently Malignant Tumours While there are other types of liver cancer, the most common form in adults is called hepatocellular carcinoma. ...read more.


These tumours are named after the place where they began (primary site) and are further described as metastatic. For example, cancer that started in the lung and spread to the liver is called metastatic lung cancer. The rest of the information given here covers only primary liver cancer, that is, cancer that begins in the liver. What causes liver cancer Scientists have found several risk factors that make a person more likely to develop liver cancer. Gender: Men are more likely to get liver cancer than women. This could be because of the behaviours listed below such as smoking and alcohol abuse. Certain types of liver disease: Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a very important liver cancer risk. These infections, which are common in many parts of the world, make liver cancer the most common cancer in these areas. There are also some inherited liver diseases that increase the risk of liver cancer. Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is the result of scar tissue in the liver. This can often lead to cancer. ...read more.


Treatment The treatment for liver cancer will depend according to the individual. Some of the treatments are surgery, transplantation, chemotherapy and radiation. The liver transplantation means the replacement of one liver with another. Chemotherapy is a drug that kills cancer cells. Surgery is not really an option because it could cause cancer cells to spread to other organs of the body. Radiation therapy is x-rays or other high-energy to kill the cancer cells and they shrink them if the cancer cells are too big. Also the treatment will depend on whether it is primary or secondary stages. If you are diagnosed in the later stages (secondary) of liver cancer, the cancer might have spread to a point of the body where it is no longer a possibility of being cured. Incidence of Liver Cancer in Australia (per 100,000) Male Female Rate SE Rate SE AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY 2.6 0.73 1.0 0.41 AUSTRALIA, NEW SOUTH WALES 2.5 0.12 0.6 0.05 SOUTH AUSTRALIA 2.1 0.22 0.8 0.15 AUSTRALIA, TASMANIA 2.3 0.42 0.3 0.14 AUSTRALIA, VICTORIA 3.0 0.15 0.7 0.07 WESTERN AUSTRALIA 2.4 0.23 0.9 0.13 ...read more.

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