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malnutrition diseases plus vitamin functions in the body and sources

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Introduction

Task 2 Nutrient Function in the body Foods containing the nutrient Simple Carbohydrate Simple carbohydrates release energy around the body they are also known as sugars, they exist in either a natural or refined form Natural form Fruits and vegetables Refined form Biscuits, cakes, pasties, chocolate, honey and jams, jellies, brown and white cane sugar, pizzas, soft drinks, sweets and snack bars, prepared foods and sauces. Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates also release energy around the body but they do it in a more sustained release than simple carbohydrates. They are also found in natural sources and refined in processed foods. Complex carbohydrates are also referred to as starch or starchy foods. Natural sources Bananas, yams, beans, chickpeas, lentils, nuts, oats, wholemeal bread, cereals, rice and pasta. Refined forms Pizzas, biscuits, cakes, white bread, flour, pasta, rice, sugary processed breakfast cereals. Lipids saturated Lipids are another name for Fat. It provides a source of concentrated energy and is needed for hormone metabolism, healthy skin and hair, tissue repair, protecting the internal organs and to prevent excessive loss of body heat. These types of fat raise cholesterol levels and increase your risk of many chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and certain cancers if eaten in large proportions Saturated fat is mainly found in dairy and animal products such as: meat, butter, cream, cheese, eggs, lard, full fat milk, full fat yoghurt. ...read more.

Middle

It also helps make sure the parathyroid glands work normally. The parathyroid glands produce hormones important for bone health Magnesium is a mineral found in a wide variety of foods. The richest sources are green leafy vegetables (such as spinach) and nuts. Good sources include bread, fish, meat and dairy foods. Sodium Used to regulate blood volume and blood pressure. Aids in the transmission of nerve impulses. Used to help regulate the acid/base balance in the body. Table salt Selenium Selenium plays an important role in our immune system's function, in thyroid hormone metabolism and in reproduction. It is also part of the body's antioxidant defence system, preventing damage to cells and tissues. Selenium is a trace element found widely in the environment. Good food sources include brazil nuts, bread, fish, meat and eggs. Potassium Potassium has many important functions. For example it: controls the balance of f fluids in the body may also help lower blood pressure Potassium is a mineral found in most types of food. Good sources of potassium include fruit (such as bananas), vegetables, pulses, nuts and seeds, milk, fish, shellfish, beef, chicken, turkey and bread. Zinc Zinc has a number of functions in the body, it helps to make new cells and enzymes. It also helps us to process the carbohydrate, fat and protein in the food we eat. ...read more.

Conclusion

vitamin and mineral supplements will also help to boost your body back to being healthy as well as eating a low fat balanced diet. Non insulin dependent diabetes - Non insulin dependent diabetes is also known as type 2 diabetes. It can be controlled by healthy diet, exercise, or medicines rather that insulin injections. Diabetes is a long-term condition where the body is unable to regulate the amount of glucose in the blood properly. Diabetes develops when the body no longer responds adequately to the natural hormone insulin, or when production of insulin is too low. A healthy diet is essential for people with type 2 diabetes. So called "diabetic foods" aren't necessary for a healthy diet; you just need to watch what you eat. This is the same as the normal, balanced diet that's recommended for good health - low in saturated fat, sugar and salt; high in fibre, vegetables and fruit. Carbohydrates should be spread throughout the day to prevent high blood sugar levels after a meal. Carbohydrates include starchy food such as pasta, potatoes, bread and cereals, and sugary foods including fruit, sweets and biscuits. It's important is to keep your weight under control. This will help keep your risk of getting cardiovascular disease to a minimum. If type 2 diabetes is poorly controlled, you have an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, nerve damage and blindness. Melissa Burton National Diploma Health and Social Care ...read more.

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