• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

malnutrition diseases plus vitamin functions in the body and sources

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task 2 Nutrient Function in the body Foods containing the nutrient Simple Carbohydrate Simple carbohydrates release energy around the body they are also known as sugars, they exist in either a natural or refined form Natural form Fruits and vegetables Refined form Biscuits, cakes, pasties, chocolate, honey and jams, jellies, brown and white cane sugar, pizzas, soft drinks, sweets and snack bars, prepared foods and sauces. Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates also release energy around the body but they do it in a more sustained release than simple carbohydrates. They are also found in natural sources and refined in processed foods. Complex carbohydrates are also referred to as starch or starchy foods. Natural sources Bananas, yams, beans, chickpeas, lentils, nuts, oats, wholemeal bread, cereals, rice and pasta. Refined forms Pizzas, biscuits, cakes, white bread, flour, pasta, rice, sugary processed breakfast cereals. Lipids saturated Lipids are another name for Fat. It provides a source of concentrated energy and is needed for hormone metabolism, healthy skin and hair, tissue repair, protecting the internal organs and to prevent excessive loss of body heat. These types of fat raise cholesterol levels and increase your risk of many chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke and certain cancers if eaten in large proportions Saturated fat is mainly found in dairy and animal products such as: meat, butter, cream, cheese, eggs, lard, full fat milk, full fat yoghurt. ...read more.

Middle

It also helps make sure the parathyroid glands work normally. The parathyroid glands produce hormones important for bone health Magnesium is a mineral found in a wide variety of foods. The richest sources are green leafy vegetables (such as spinach) and nuts. Good sources include bread, fish, meat and dairy foods. Sodium Used to regulate blood volume and blood pressure. Aids in the transmission of nerve impulses. Used to help regulate the acid/base balance in the body. Table salt Selenium Selenium plays an important role in our immune system's function, in thyroid hormone metabolism and in reproduction. It is also part of the body's antioxidant defence system, preventing damage to cells and tissues. Selenium is a trace element found widely in the environment. Good food sources include brazil nuts, bread, fish, meat and eggs. Potassium Potassium has many important functions. For example it: controls the balance of f fluids in the body may also help lower blood pressure Potassium is a mineral found in most types of food. Good sources of potassium include fruit (such as bananas), vegetables, pulses, nuts and seeds, milk, fish, shellfish, beef, chicken, turkey and bread. Zinc Zinc has a number of functions in the body, it helps to make new cells and enzymes. It also helps us to process the carbohydrate, fat and protein in the food we eat. ...read more.

Conclusion

vitamin and mineral supplements will also help to boost your body back to being healthy as well as eating a low fat balanced diet. Non insulin dependent diabetes - Non insulin dependent diabetes is also known as type 2 diabetes. It can be controlled by healthy diet, exercise, or medicines rather that insulin injections. Diabetes is a long-term condition where the body is unable to regulate the amount of glucose in the blood properly. Diabetes develops when the body no longer responds adequately to the natural hormone insulin, or when production of insulin is too low. A healthy diet is essential for people with type 2 diabetes. So called "diabetic foods" aren't necessary for a healthy diet; you just need to watch what you eat. This is the same as the normal, balanced diet that's recommended for good health - low in saturated fat, sugar and salt; high in fibre, vegetables and fruit. Carbohydrates should be spread throughout the day to prevent high blood sugar levels after a meal. Carbohydrates include starchy food such as pasta, potatoes, bread and cereals, and sugary foods including fruit, sweets and biscuits. It's important is to keep your weight under control. This will help keep your risk of getting cardiovascular disease to a minimum. If type 2 diabetes is poorly controlled, you have an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, nerve damage and blindness. Melissa Burton National Diploma Health and Social Care ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Role of Energy in the Body and the Physiology of Three Named Body ...

    5 star(s)

    With the ventricles in diastole, the atrio-ventricular valves are pushed open with the blood that has been filling the atria. When the ventricles are about 70 per cent full, the atria contract to push the remaining blood in rapidly and the next cycle has begun.

  2. Nutrition case study. Overall, I think Emma should have a well balanced diet. Her ...

    0.086 Lunch Boiled chicken 30 171 5.4 2.1 0 1.05 Rice 22 330 1.32 0.22 18.92 0.088 Carrots 15 13.5 0.105 0 0.075 0.105 Dinner Meat Kebab 38 1015.74 3.49 25 0 0.418 Potato 32 118.4 0.064 0 6.72 0.224 Avocado 24 120.48 5.352 2.41 1.41 1.87 Salad pepper 13

  1. Physiological disorder

    When the happens the ribs are pulled towards and the front to back to diameter of the chest increased. The affect of this matter is the same as when you take a deep breath inside your lungs and hold it in there.

  2. Describe the role of energy in the body and the physiology of three named ...

    Cardiovascular system The heart is a cardiac muscle which pumps blood throughout the body through arteries, veins and capillaries. One of the bloods functions is to carry dissolved oxygen to the cells, whilst also disposing of waste products such as carbon dioxide and water.

  1. Describe the structure of the main tissues of the body and their role in ...

    The sixth stage is the message being understood, if the communication was effective in the message, then it will be understood however this may not happen on the first attempt. If someone tells you some thing you might understand it the first time but as they start to go over

  2. Diabetes and Insulin.

    This is a very important discovery for fighting and preventing Type 2 diabetes. With this knowledge, physicians can (should) inform their patients that obesity could (must likely) cause Type 2 diabetes. With a proper diet and regular exercise, a person would not accumulate fat cells that would trigger that hypothalamus to produce resistin.

  1. Critically evaluate research into eating disorders - Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.

    This is basically what Garfinkel and Garner (1982) found when their research showed that Anorexic patients tend to over estimate their bodyweight and under estimate the bodyweight of the people they model themselves against. Bulimic patients also tend to have distorted body images, even though bulimic patients are not necessarily

  2. Female hormones

    Between 40 and 60 per cent of all women in the West suffer from PMS. In addition, women also suffer from a plethora of symptoms, some menopausal and others not. Something quite alarming certainly seems to be happening to women.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work