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National sratergies

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National strategies These national health strategies are large plans they help to find out and explain the importance of public health issues. There national health services health prevent disease by giving immunisation in schools and at local practices. These help the client to prevent disease. Immunizations also have to be carried out in school for younger pupils to prevent them from disease. There are also other prevention strategies provided by the National Health Service such as, The National Heart Forums goals for prevention and the government's anti-smoking campaigns. These services also help prevent disease by helping the patients to get rid of the habit. Immunisation An immunisation is a vaccination which clients need to have in order to prevent them from having the disease. It helps the body to make antibodies against the disease so if the patient does get the disease the antibodies made by the body will help to fight and destroy the disease. These are some of the injections which are compulsory for all children in the U.K as part of the UK schedule to protect them against * Diphtheria * Tetanus * Pertussis (whooping cough) * Poliomyelitis (polio) * Haemophilus influenzae type B * Meningitis C * Pneumococcal infection (e.g. pneumonia, septicaemia and meningitis) * Measles * Mumps * Rubella (German measles) The NHS website shows that since September 2008 girls aged 12 to 13 have and will be routinely vaccinated with human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine against cervical cancer. This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes 99 percent of invasive cervical cancer. ...read more.


Many resource-poor countries lack facilities for rigorously screening blood supplies. In addition a lot of countries have difficulty recruiting enough donors, and so have to resort to importing blood or paying their citizens to donate, which is not the best way to ensure safety. In much of the world the safety of medical procedures in general is compromised by lack of resources, and this may put both patients and staff at greater risk of HIV infection. Mother to child transmission HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, labour and delivery, and later through breastfeeding. The first step towards reducing the number of babies infected in this way is to prevent HIV infection in women, and to prevent unwanted pregnancies. There are a number of things that can be done to help a pregnant woman with HIV to avoid passing her infection to her child. A course of antiretroviral drugs given to her during pregnancy and labour as well as to her newborn baby can greatly reduce the chances of the child becoming infected. Although the most effective treatment involves a combination of drugs taken over a long period, even a single dose of treatment can cut the transmission rate by half. A caesarean section is an operation to deliver a baby through its mother's abdominal wall, which reduces the baby's exposure to its mother's body fluids. This procedure lowers the risk of HIV transmission, but is likely to be recommended only if the mother has a high level of HIV in her blood, and if the benefit to her baby outweighs the risk of the intervention. ...read more.


Patient doctor concordance This is known as the patient and doctor agreement, the patient does not go through any training or education to become a patient therefore most of them do not know the advantages concordance brings to them. Most patients want a doctor who is trustworthy, kind, knowledgeable, up to date, confidential, always available, not patronising and etc... Patient compliance Some people might go to the doctor get the medicine they need, take it for few days and as days go buy they might stop taking it even if they are recommended to take it. This maybe because they may feel they have gone better or they might just give up taking it because they must have forgot or just cant be bothered taking it anymore. This can worsen the patient's health because the instructions given to the patient from the doctor have not been fully met in order fir the patient to fully recover. Studies show that even patients with serious illnesses do not take their medication as recommended for an example a patient with asthma should take their inhaler as recommended in order to get better and they may not be taking it as recommended. Research also shows that some patients do not have good understanding about their illness like they do not understand the causes. The weakness is known to be in their communication, the doctor could improve this by improving the patients communication skills in several ways like telling the patient the important piece of the information first, stress the important of compliance, simplifying the information, repeating some information so the patient understands, being specific, and by following up the specific information by calling them for interviews or filling in questionnaires. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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