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Nutrition of a pregnant and non-pregnant women

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Introduction

Pregnant woman VS a regular woman In this part of the task I am going to discuss the differences in the diet for a woman who is pregnant and a regular woman. * Energy - The EARs for a normal adult women is 1,940 kcal per day. In pregnant women this is only increased by 200kcal per in the last 3 months of the pregnancy. Eating too much during pregnancy can cause complications like hypertension and diabetes during pregnancy and can also harm the baby too. * Protein: The RNI for protein for normal adult women is 45g.There is no need to increase the amount of protein you eat when pregnant because in a regular diet you should eat quite a lot of protein. ...read more.

Middle

It is especially important to increase the level of folic acid in your body in the first 3 months of pregnancy. This is to help with the development of the baby. Mothers who have a lack of folic acid in their diet have a higher risk of having a baby with spina bifida. You can buy folic acid supplements or you could increase your level of folic acid in your diet by eating green leafy vegetables (sprouts, cabbage, broccoli), pulses (chick peas, lentils), fortified breakfast cereals and wholemeal or wholegrain bread. Folic acid is easily lost during the cooking stage so steam vegetables in order to keep as much nutrients in as possible. * Iron: The RNI for iron in a normal women's diet is 14.8mg. ...read more.

Conclusion

Vitamin A are important for the normal growth and development. * Vitamin C- The RNI of Vitamin C is 40mg. When pregnant this increase by 10mg. Vitamin C is important for the absorption of iron from fruit and vegetables and is important for the function of body tissues and the healing process. * Calcium - The RNI of calcium is 550mg. When pregnant this doesn't increase but it does become more important to have in your diet. This is in order to help the baby to develop strong bones. Pregnant women should try to have 3 servings of food which contain calcium, a day. These include milk and cheese. Consuming alcohol whilst pregnant is not recommended because it may damage the baby. Problems can occur in the babies cells, facial development and brain development. This is because alcohol is a toxin and can quickly reach your baby through the placenta. ...read more.

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