• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Obesity Epidemic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hannah Mumma Research Paper 3/4/09 Americans Are Getting Fat Americans are getting fatter. With fast food, television, and cars, people are eating more and exercising less. There is no doubt that obesity in the United States has become a problem, more and more people are becoming overweight and it is starting to become an epidemic. Not only is this a physical risk for many, but it is also a health risk and a psychological risk. With Americans on the rise (getting fatter), will this generation of people really live longer than other generations? Or will we become so obese and unhealthy that no one will live past the age of 50? The medical definition for being overweight is the excess amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water. Obesity is the excess accumulation of body fat. For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the "body mass index" (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat. A healthy BMI is anywhere from 18.5 percent to 24.9 percent body fat. An overweight adult would have a BMI of 25 percent to 29.9 percent body fat, and an obese adult would have a BMI of 30 percent or higher. In that 30 percent and higher group, the problem of morbid obesity comes in to play. Morbidly obese adults have a BMI of 40 or greater (Dietz 1). ...read more.

Middle

If there is not enough glucose to create energy, cells will be starved for energy and high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart. The third type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes. This is the type of diabetes most commonly found in pregnant women. The ADA states, "Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women - about 135,000 cases of Gestational Diabetes in the United States each year" (2). Women who are pregnant who have a poor diet and high blood sugar (glucose) are at higher risk of getting gestational Diabetes. The fourth type of Diabetes is Pre-Diabetes. Pre-diabetes happens before a person gets Type 2 Diabetes. It is when the blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered Diabetes. According to the ADA, "There are 57 million people in the United States who have pre-diabetes" (3). Diabetes is a serious issue and has become an epidemic in the United States at the same time that obesity has become an epidemic, coincidence? Another health issue related to obesity is Sleep Apnea. Sleep Apnea is when a person stops breathing for at least ten seconds during sleep. Men, obese people, and people over the age of 40 are most likely to be diagnosed with Sleep Apnea. There are two types of Sleep Apnea; Obstructive sleep apnea and Central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is "The more common of the two forms of apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep" (Smith 1). ...read more.

Conclusion

Hollywood makes clear the emphasis on looks. Since looks are "very important," obese people may become the butt of many jokes. Obese children are often ridiculed in school and many times suffer psychological damages. Obese teenagers may be hesitant to socialize with their peers since most people this age are self conscious and will likely make fun of the overweight teenager to make them feel better. People also have the tendency to view fat people as lazy and gluttonous, which might not always be true. Another psychological effect of obesity that many people tend to overlook is the fact that many obese individuals have an eating disorder. People with bulimia binge eat and then purge by vomiting, using laxatives, or other means. Binge eating that is not followed by purging may also be considered an eating disorder and can lead to weight gain. This type of eating behavior usually contributes to feelings of shame, loneliness, poor self-esteem, and depression. A person may binge or overeat for emotional reasons, including stress, depression, and anxiety. Diabetes is a rising problem in the United States. People are becoming heavier and heavier with all the advances in technology and the addition of fast food places. Not only are adults getting fatter, but children are as well. This is and will continue to be a major problem unless Americans can change their lifestyles in a positive way. This means eating right and exercising more in order to stay healthy. The obesity epidemic has to end soon in order for America to have a brighter tomorrow. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. supporting adults

    These include: * Repeated acts of poor professional practice * The existence f controlling relationships between staff and individuals in their care * Using restraint inappropriately * Lack of privacy or dignity including failing to provide access to appropriate

  2. Physiological disorder

    to not do curtains things that can harm the patients health or recovery. The hospital care can make a patient change their life style because there are not any bad influences in the hospital as they are in the house of the patient.

  1. Diabetes and Insulin.

    A study of taspoglutide versus placebo for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled with metformin plus pioglitazone. (This 3 arm study will assess the efficacy of taspoglutide on glycemic control [as assessed by HbA1c] in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled with

  2. 1.2 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Studies from the USA, which used a cut-off FEV1 of less tan 65% of the predicted value, provide similar figures, with prevalence falling in men from 8% in the 1960s to 6% in the late 1970s, whereas the 3% prevalence in women did not change over this period (Higgins & Thom, 1990).

  1. Protecting Adults

    People may obtain the right to access or manage a person's money but again they keep money for themselves or mismanage it. So financial abuse can be: * Taking/spending money without consent * Taking pension/benefit * Taking/selling possessions * Theft * Fraud * Acting as appointee, attorney or receiver and

  2. Care for Babies

    Bonding with your baby can be harder if your baby is premature and in a special baby care unit also if the mother is experiencing baby blues, a form of mild depression, where women feel very emotional and upset and may cry, yet they can't explain why they are crying.

  1. Health and Disease

    analysing biased policies and challenging these in order to achieve the changes. * Respect for individual's choice - this is basically giving the choice to the service user and making them to become independent for as long as possible. The role of social worker was to provide clear and accurate information to the service users.

  2. Social Policy - Obesity

    He had over 25,000 signatures in the first week. There where 5 main points that Oliver wanted the Government to change. So he wrote a manifesto asking for five things. * Guarantee that children receive a nutritionally balanced meal at school everyday * Ban junk food from school meals and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work