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P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being

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´╗┐Samaira Azim Anne Ferguson P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being 1. There are different sociological approaches to health and well being such as: 1. the biomedical approach 2. the socio-medical approach The biomedical approach to health and well being is a way of looking at a person?s health as something which is affected by disease, injury and illness rather than the person?s environment and lifestyle. They exclude all other factors which are not related to the body itself. For example, if a person was showing symptoms of a chest infection, the doctor would listen to their chest and send them for an x-ray to find out what has caused the problem rather than questioning their environment and housing conditions. The biomedical model is the dominant way of practising medicine in modern industrial societies such as our own. There are standards concerning the ?normal? functioning of the mind and body against which all others can be judged. The doctor then decides what the symptoms that the patient describes signify. On the basis of this a diagnosis is made and interventions decided upon. For example if a patient describes the symptoms of high blood pressure, the doctor may measure his or her blood pressure and the patient may then be prescribed drugs. The doctor therefore is rather like a mechanic mending a faulty motor car. However, the socio-medical approach to health and well-being is a much more holistic approach and takes into account the person?s lifestyle choices, such as poor diet, drug/drinking habits, lack of exercise, poor housing conditions etc., as well as life chances, for e.g. ...read more.


They have more options when it comes to healthcare as they can afford to pay for private healthcare rather than waiting for treatment from the NHS. They can afford to purchase better quality food which will improve their diet and can travel to different shopping centres to save even more money rather shopping from the nearest place, as they have a car. Also, because they have a car they are less likely to suffer with health problems such as depression as they aren?t forced to either stay at home or walk in bad weather conditions. They can afford to go on holidays and days, as well as luxuries which contribute to good mental health. Whereas, for example, the working class family living off a low income in a deprived area. They will be forced to shop at the nearest shopping centre which they may not necessarily be able to afford to do so. They will have to stick to a budget and have to eat what they can afford to fill their stomach with, rather than what is good for their health. They will be forced to walk everywhere regardless of the weather which can contribute to depression and other problems which will affect their physical health as a result of being constantly on their feet. When they are ill they will have to rely on the NHS to pay for their healthcare and treatment which can mean the family may have to wait for a while to receive it. ...read more.


Rather than people taking care of their own health to prevent illness from occurring, such as exercise, eating a balanced diet etc. They will rely on the doctor to cure them as they can be diagnosed quickly and be prescribed drugs. 1. Only concentrating on diagnosing illnesses and diseases, rather than looking at other possible factors which may contribute to the individual?s health problems, won?t necessarily improve health for the long term, as the patient will be prescribed drugs as a short term treatment until the illness reoccurs as a result of neglecting their health. 1. When assessing the needs of individuals in the health and social care setting, the carer should take into account the individuals situation such as environment, such as what sort of housing conditions they are living in, how many people they live with at home, whether the individual is aware of what facilities they can access such as advice centres, jobcentres, sure start children?s centres. Also, whether they have any support networks such as family and friends to support them. Finding out whether they have drink/drug problems and what sort of health problems they suffer with is also important as the carer can have a better understanding as to why they may be struggling in other areas. Finding out what background they come from and how they live can help the carer to support the individual as they will have a wider understanding of what level of care they need. In my opinion the socio-medical model is a better approach to health and wellbeing as it takes the individuals personal situation into account as well as just looking for cures for disease and infection. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A strong piece of work examining two models of health & wellbeing. The writer shows a good understanding of the perspective of each model and was able to use relevant examples to illustrate the point of view. I would say that the criterion has been achieved.
The only comments I would make in terms of improving the work are to remember to give the names of the ?studies? being referred to. Other than that, I thought this was a well-written and well thought-out essay.

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 09/08/2013

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