• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Samaira Azim Anne Ferguson P2. Explain different sociological approaches to health and well being 1. There are different sociological approaches to health and well being such as: 1. the biomedical approach 2. the socio-medical approach The biomedical approach to health and well being is a way of looking at a person?s health as something which is affected by disease, injury and illness rather than the person?s environment and lifestyle. They exclude all other factors which are not related to the body itself. For example, if a person was showing symptoms of a chest infection, the doctor would listen to their chest and send them for an x-ray to find out what has caused the problem rather than questioning their environment and housing conditions. The biomedical model is the dominant way of practising medicine in modern industrial societies such as our own. There are standards concerning the ?normal? functioning of the mind and body against which all others can be judged. The doctor then decides what the symptoms that the patient describes signify. On the basis of this a diagnosis is made and interventions decided upon. For example if a patient describes the symptoms of high blood pressure, the doctor may measure his or her blood pressure and the patient may then be prescribed drugs. The doctor therefore is rather like a mechanic mending a faulty motor car. However, the socio-medical approach to health and well-being is a much more holistic approach and takes into account the person?s lifestyle choices, such as poor diet, drug/drinking habits, lack of exercise, poor housing conditions etc., as well as life chances, for e.g. ...read more.

Middle

They have more options when it comes to healthcare as they can afford to pay for private healthcare rather than waiting for treatment from the NHS. They can afford to purchase better quality food which will improve their diet and can travel to different shopping centres to save even more money rather shopping from the nearest place, as they have a car. Also, because they have a car they are less likely to suffer with health problems such as depression as they aren?t forced to either stay at home or walk in bad weather conditions. They can afford to go on holidays and days, as well as luxuries which contribute to good mental health. Whereas, for example, the working class family living off a low income in a deprived area. They will be forced to shop at the nearest shopping centre which they may not necessarily be able to afford to do so. They will have to stick to a budget and have to eat what they can afford to fill their stomach with, rather than what is good for their health. They will be forced to walk everywhere regardless of the weather which can contribute to depression and other problems which will affect their physical health as a result of being constantly on their feet. When they are ill they will have to rely on the NHS to pay for their healthcare and treatment which can mean the family may have to wait for a while to receive it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rather than people taking care of their own health to prevent illness from occurring, such as exercise, eating a balanced diet etc. They will rely on the doctor to cure them as they can be diagnosed quickly and be prescribed drugs. 1. Only concentrating on diagnosing illnesses and diseases, rather than looking at other possible factors which may contribute to the individual?s health problems, won?t necessarily improve health for the long term, as the patient will be prescribed drugs as a short term treatment until the illness reoccurs as a result of neglecting their health. 1. When assessing the needs of individuals in the health and social care setting, the carer should take into account the individuals situation such as environment, such as what sort of housing conditions they are living in, how many people they live with at home, whether the individual is aware of what facilities they can access such as advice centres, jobcentres, sure start children?s centres. Also, whether they have any support networks such as family and friends to support them. Finding out whether they have drink/drug problems and what sort of health problems they suffer with is also important as the carer can have a better understanding as to why they may be struggling in other areas. Finding out what background they come from and how they live can help the carer to support the individual as they will have a wider understanding of what level of care they need. In my opinion the socio-medical model is a better approach to health and wellbeing as it takes the individuals personal situation into account as well as just looking for cures for disease and infection. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A strong piece of work examining two models of health & wellbeing. The writer shows a good understanding of the perspective of each model and was able to use relevant examples to illustrate the point of view. I would say that the criterion has been achieved.
The only comments I would make in terms of improving the work are to remember to give the names of the ?studies? being referred to. Other than that, I thought this was a well-written and well thought-out essay.
4/5

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 09/08/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Theories of health and illness

    An example of this is cholera in 1854 an outbreak of cholera hit south London and killed many people it was believed that the cholera was spread by miasma in the atmosphere. Dr john snow was one of the first people to use epidemiology, he disagreed with this and did

  2. Personal & professional development in Health & Social care.n this assignment I am going ...

    I believe my voluntary work will also give me great experience and help me to get into university. I have received great support in order to achieve good qualifications and I understand that there are different routes for everything we do in life.

  1. There are many factors which can affect childrens health and well-being throughout their lives.

    This is because if the parent does not do any exercise, use drugs or excessive alcohol then the child may look up to the parents. Albert Bandura's theory backs this; he did an experiment on two groups of children, with an adult hitting a Bobo doll.

  2. Public Health: How are current patterns of ill health monitored? How have current patterns ...

    Life Expectancy at Birth for Males Factor Influence Social Class Social class is a key influence of life expectancy. The higher your social class status is the wealthier you are and the better the quality of life you have is.

  1. Unit 10 - p2, m1, d1. I will be outlining types of quality care ...

    OFSTED must abide by the Data Protect Act (1998) to prevent leaking of information which may put children/young people at risk. Safeguarding is also a regulation OFSTED professionals need to consider when inspecting and regulating schools as children?s safety and educational needs is at the heart of their provision.

  2. Unit 2: Equality, Diversity and Individual's Rights P1, P2, P3 & M1

    Violet lives in a residential care home for the elderly where there is a care worker named Francis. Violet and Francis get on well, he knows all the silver screen actors well and they like to talk to each other.

  1. Unit 19: Applied sociological perspectives for health and social care.

    People over 60?s are now outnumbering under 16?s for the first time ever. Services for the elderly are costly and include big financial responsibilities for the working population. Retirement pension has to be met at least partly from those who work taxes.

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    are being met i.e. the majority will need less. 2. LRNI is the amount of a nutrient that is enough for only a small number of people in a group who have low requirements (2.5%) i.e. the majority need more.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work