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p3- explain the physical, social, emotional and intellectual indicators that would lead to suspicion of child maltreatment

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Introduction

´╗┐Naomi Ward Unit 10 P3- explains the physical, social, emotional and intellectual indicators that would lead to suspicion of child maltreatment or abuse. Child maltreatment, sometimes referred to as child abuse and neglect, includes all forms of physical and emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child?s health, development or dignity. Within this broad definition, five subtypes can be distinguished ? physical abuse; sexual abuse; neglect and negligent treatment; emotional abuse; and exploitation. Physical abuse Defined as non-accidental trauma or physical injury caused by punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning or otherwise harming a child, physical abuse is the most visible form of child maltreatment. Many times, physical abuse results from inappropriate or excessive physical discipline. A parent or caretaker in anger may be unaware of the magnitude of force with which he or she strikes the child. Other factors that can contribute to child abuse include parents? immaturity, lack of parenting skills, poor childhood experiences and social isolation, as well as frequent crisis situations, drug or alcohol problems and domestic violence. Indicators that would lead to the suspicion would be: 1. Unexplained bruises 2. Unexplained burns, especially cigarette burns or immersion burns 3. Unexplained fractures, lacerations or abrasions 4. Swollen areas 5. Evidence of delayed or inappropriate treatment for injuries 6. Self destructive 7. ...read more.

Middle

If proper nutrients are not available at critical growth periods, the child's development will not follow the normal and usual pattern. Common physical and psychological reactions to neglect include stunted growth, chronic medical problems, inadequate bone and muscle growth, and lack of neurological development that negatively affects normal brain functioning and information processing. Processing problems may often make it difficult for children to understand directions, may negatively impact the child's ability to understand social relationships, or may make completion of some academic tasks impossible without assistance or intervention from others. Lack of adequate medical care may result in long-term health problems or impairments such as hearing loss from untreated ear infections. Long-term mental health effects of neglect are inconsistent. Effects of neglect can range from chronic depression to difficulty with relationships; however, not all adults neglected as children will suffer from these results. Some individuals are more resilient than others and are able to move beyond the emotional neglect they may have experienced. Characteristics of resilient individuals include an optimistic or hopeful outlook on life, and feeling challenged rather than defeated by problems. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse is unwanted sexual activity, with perpetrators using force, making threats or taking advantage of victims not able to give consent. Most victims and perpetrators know each other. Immediate reactions to sexual abuse include shock, fear or disbelief. ...read more.

Conclusion

Delinquent behavior 10. Developmentally delayed Behavioral indicators of all maltreatment or abuse A child?s behavior might also signal that something is wrong. Victims of physical abuse may display withdrawn or aggressive behavioral extremes, complain of soreness or uncomfortable movement, wear clothing that is inappropriate for the weather, express discomfort with physical contact or become chronic runaways. In many ways, emotional abuse is more psychologically harmful than physical abuse. There are a couple of reasons for this. Even in the most violent families, the incidents tend to be cyclical. Early in the abuse cycle, a violent outburst is followed by a honeymoon period of remorse, attention, affection, and generosity, but not genuine compassion. Emotional abuse, on the other hand, tends to happen every day. The effects are more harmful because they're so frequent. Behavioral indicators of child maltreatment could be: 1. Runaway attempts and fear of going home 2. Stilted conversation, vacant stares or frozen watchfulness, no attempt to seek comfort when hurt 3. Describes self as bad and deserving to be punished 4. Cannot recall how injuries occurred, or offers an inconsistent explanation 5. Wary of adults or reluctant to go home 6. Often absent from school/child care 7. May flinch if touched unexpectedly 8. Extremely aggressive or withdrawn 9. Displays indiscriminate affection-seeking behavior 10. Abusive behavior and language in play 11. Overly compliant and/or eager to please 12. Poor sleeping patterns, fear of the dark, frequent nightmares 13. Sad, cries frequently 14. Drug/alcohol misuse 15. Depression 16. poor memory and concentration 17. Suicide attempts ...read more.

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