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P3 - Sociology in Health and Social Care

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Introduction

P3 Sociology The rate of still born babies for the lower classes are 44 for every 10,000 births, whereas there are 900 fewer each year in the higher class. Marxism states that still birth can be caused by stress and depression. They can both have a big impact on the health of your child as well as the environment and housing. The types of food can effect it because the more healthy your diet then the healthier your baby will be. Fast food can be brought that is not as expensive and could cause ill health of babies. When individuals live in poorer parts of the world and cannot afford the necessities that are needed in life, then they will not be healthy; indicating that their baby will not be healthy. An individual living in an area where they have shelter, food, water, medication and can afford the necessities then they have more of a chance that their baby will not be still born. Whilst looking at the graphs I will be looking at differences in health in age, gender, ethnicity, social class, locality, risk behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

The explanation has been turned down by sociologists because there has been evidenced otherwise which show that ill health is caused by deprived circumstances. Cultural or behavioural explanations: this explanation is focusing on the lifestyle and the behaviour of individuals in the lower social classes. It states that people in this class smoked more, drank more and were more likely to eat foods which were not good for them. The way they lived could encourage illnesses such as diabetes and bronchitis. They are smoking and drinking to help them cope with the way they live and their deprived environments. It states that it is where they are living and how they are living that makes them chose their lifestyle. Material or structural explanations: this shows that social groups that life expectancy is shorter will have poorer health than the groups which don?t because of their wealth and income. Low incomes are linked to poor diets, housing and environment and dangerous and insecure employment. It is this that leads to the circumstances in which they live in. The Black Report showed evidence to support this explanation. ...read more.

Conclusion

The high death rate of young men between 17 and 24 is linked with risks and also road accidents. Insurance for men is higher because of these reasons: - 55 per cent of men drink drive, whereas 30 per cent of women drink drive. 47 per cent of men have rudely gestured at other drivers whereas 38 per cent of women have rudely gestured at other drivers. 84 per cent of men have crashed their vehicle whereas, 77 per cent of women have crashed their vehicle. 51 per cent of men have been distracted by billboards while driving whereas, 40 per cent of women have been distracted by billboards while driving. 46 per cent of men admitted to verbally abusing another driver whereas, 36 per cent of woman admitted to verbally abusing another driver. 22 per cent of men admitted to using their mobile phones without hands-free accessories while driving whereas, 15 per cent of women admitted to using their mobile phones without hands-free accessories while driving. This shows that men are at a higher risk to women when driving because of the statistics. The graphs show that men are at a higher risk compared to women to die from suicide as at each age, men are higher on the graphs compared to what women are. ...read more.

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