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P4 Explain two theories of ageing

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Health and social care P4 ? Explain two theories of ageing M2 ? Discuss the major theories of ageing in relation to the development of the individual The Disengagement Theory? The disengagement theory argues that older people will need to disengage from others, socially due to illnesses and physical health. Elaine Cumming & William Henry wrote about the theory in 1961 which was in a book called ?Growing Old?. Cumming & Henry based their theory on 172 middle classed individuals between the ages of 48 ? 68. They also believed that elderly people will be less concerned about what their expectations are within the society. The disengagement theory is when the elderly person will withdraw from social contact with others. Older people will disengage because of reduced physical health and loss of social opportunities. Engagement means being involved with people or activities. Disengagement is when someone withdraws them self from involvement. Elaine Cumming and William Henry in 1961 put forward That as people began to age they would naturally tend to withdraw from social involvement with others due to the restricted opportunities to have interaction with other people close to their age. ...read more.


He may begin to be emotionally unstable and will not be able to socialise or interact with others because he will begin to have a lack of trust because he believes that people will hurt him like all his other wife?s did. Even though he won?t be worrying about what people think of him and what they expect, making him disengage from others, If Michael Jackson may begin to start to feel depressed and stressed because of the lack of amount of activities he will be undergoing even though he is able to do activities. Jacksons physical development will become weak due to the fact that he may not want to join into games, exercise programmes and carry on with his preforming. His intellectual development will decrease due to the fact he will not enjoy reading books, If Michael became disengaged with the society and the people in it, he may have turned to reading books making his intellectual development increase. Michael will begin to face illnesses due to the lack of exercise he is doing. ...read more.


Therefore if Michael Jackson retired later on in life he would have the freedom to do things such as going out with friends or joining evening clubs. The emotional factors are that retirement may have made Michael Jackson feel lonely and depressed at times even though he would have been happy and engaged with society. Equally because he would have been active which will be making his heart a lot stronger because of the exercise he will be undergoing. Michael Jackson was known for his dancing which means he would have a lot more time to focus on his dancing which will keep him active throughout his life. Michael Jackson would have met a lot of people in his life due to the fact he is a performer, making sure that he is socialising with others and he would have made some friends but other befrienders , However if Michael Jackson was active he could suffer from injury such as; breaking his legs, bruised skin, sprained limbs etc. due to the amount of activity. Due to this he may become less active and less sociable as he would not be able to travel to places so he can interact with family or friends or exercise. ...read more.

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