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P5- Explain the concept of homeostasis with reference to the control of heart rate, breathing rate, body temperature and blood glucose levels.

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Introduction

M. Ugiagbe Omi Chowdhury CU149521 Unit 5- Anatomy and physiology for Health and Social Care P5- Explain the concept of homeostasis with reference to the control of heart rate, breathing rate, body temperature and blood glucose levels. In this assignment I will be explaining the concept of homeostasis with reference to the control of heart rate, breathing rate, body temperature and bloody glucose levels. Firstly, I will start this assignment off by explaining what homeostasis is. Homeostasis is the tendency toward a relatively stable equipoise between symbiotic elements, especially as maintained by functional processes. http://www.google.co.uk/#hl=en&q=homeostasis&tbs=dfn:1&tbo=u&sa=X&ei=sIhIUfPzGeiW0QWa5oHACw&sqi=2&ved=0CCwQkQ4&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&fp=4e753e884ed8bf36&biw=884&bih=537 A simple illustration of homeostasis is when we get really cold in winter, our body starts to shiver and by shivering the body maintains heat and warm us up. Another example may be that an individual may feel hot from doing an intense workout or simply walking in really hot heat, our bodies maintain homeostasis by sweating, this helps us to cool down and maintain body temperature. Negative feedback is the mechanism in which the body sustains conditions within specific perimeters. ...read more.

Middle

Homoeostasis is the body's ability to maintain a regular internal environment. This is done by maintaining a body temperature within a certain field. Human body temperatures comes from the operation of live which is also supervised by the brain and is synchronized by sweating, resting, shivering. Moreover, the amount of glucose in the human body is carefully monitored. This is controlled by the hormonal system; glucose is controlled by regulating it in the pancreas. For example, when a meal which includes portions of carbohydrates is eaten, glucose levels will begin to increase as the carbohydrates are digested and are needed to be absorbed. As the body is working hard on breaking down the carbohydrates this sometimes makes us feel sleepy. Additionally, more insulin is released which converts glucose to glycogen which is then kept for storage. Lastly, all chemical reactions necessitate energy; this is done by burning off carbohydrates. This process requires oxygen and then leads to producing carbon dioxide. The circulatory system does not only transport nutrients and chemicals around the, yet also produces specific pressure which allows material to pass from the blood into the lymph and interstitial fluid. ...read more.

Conclusion

Firstly, before carrying out the course of exercise. There are safety procedures that should be followed. For example, obstacles should not be in the pathway of the individual, the room should be well ventilated, appropriate clothing should be worn, water or medical equipment such as asthma pumps. Another factor that must be ensured is having a break when feeling dizzy and if possible a first aider on hand. As a general summary, the participants whose blood pressure dropped after undertaking the course of exercise may be of two reasons, which include: the blood pressure machine may not have been positioned or used in the right manner. Another factor may be that once the course of exercise was undergone the participant may not have had rest. In order to get a precise reading, blood pressure should be measured at least three times. The table above shows that the pulse rate raised after the course of exercise was carried out but gradually decreased in the course of ten minutes as the table shows. ...read more.

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