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pathology lab

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BTEC National Diploma Applied Science Unit 2: Laboratory Organisation Scenario: You are a scientist who has been employed within the science sector for a number of years. The science wing of the organisation is undergoing refurbishment and you have been allocated two new laboratory suites. As the team leader of the science team you have been asked to meet with the architects to discuss your requirements for the two new laboratory suites. Task 1 Research and select two different types of laboratory suites and complete the following: a) Research and identify the key features that you must consider when designing your two selected laboratory suites e.g. he locations of the two suites, equipment required, storage cupboards etc. The two different types of laboratory's I have chosen to look at are: Microbiology lab and a biochemistry lab. Background research on Microbiology Microbiology receives swabs, feces, urine, blood, sputum, medical equipment, as well as possible infected tissue. They culture this to check for any pathogenic microbes.Sample processing usually starts with a set of samples and a request form. Typically a set of vacutainer tubes containing blood, or any other specimen arrive to the laboratory in a small plastic bag, along with the form. The form and the specimens are given a laboratory number. The specimen usually receive the same number, often as a sticker that can be placed on the tubes and form. Entry of requests into a laboratory management system involves typing, or scanning (where barcodes are used) in the laboratory number, and entering the patient identification, as well as any tests requested. This allows labaroratory machines; computers and staff to know what test are pending, and also give a place (such as a hospital department, doctor or other customer) for results to go. Designing a Microbiology lab The key features that I might consider when designing a Microbiology lab will be first of all the storage system. ...read more.

Middle

* Fill in the fume cupboard log book on each occasion. * Each fume cupboard is fitted with a device which monitors the airflow, so should an alarm sound and a light flash, do not use the cupboard. The audible alarm can be turned off. Report the fault at once to the technician in charge or to the Technical Administrator. Hygiene and laboratory tidiness Mouth pipetting will be totally forbidden under all circumstances. Working area will be kept clean and tidy; there will be sufficient bench space to allow safe working procedures. Notebooks, reference books and all other paperwork will be kept separate from areas where cultures or chemicals will be handled. Benches and work tops will be wiped down with an appropriate disinfectant after manipulative work has been performed and at the end of each working day. spilt chemicals will be cleared up immediately In order to give clear visibility and thus avoid collisions, posters and notices will not be attached to the glass of corridor and laboratory doors. Equipment and furniture etc. will not be discarded into corridors or stairwells, which will be kept clear for escape in an emergency. Suitable protective clothing will be worn when working in the laboratories. this means a laboratory coat, properly fastened, and adequate footwear. Open sandals and open-toed shoes will not be allowed. One of the most common accidents that can occur is injury to the eyes through splashing of reagents, therefore appropriate eye protection will always be worn when dealing with hazardous substances. Autoclaves will only be operated by competent, named operators, who will have received adequate and suitable instruction both in the normal operation of the machine and in emergency actions and procedures. The normal operating instructions will be written down and available to the operators. Autoclaves are serviced regularly by qualified engineers; therefore no operator will carry out any procedure other than those set down in the operating instructions. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Is the lower back adequately supported? * Is the chair comfortable for the intended periods of use? * Are edges padded sufficiently to prevent pressure points? * Is the chair height adjustable to allow work to be carried out at or below elbow height? * Does the chair have adequate ranges of adjustment? * Is the upholstery sufficiently supportive and comfortable? * Are arms suitable for the task? * Do the arms prevent the user from pulling the chair up to the desk? * Do the arm rests obstruct arm movement? * Should foot rest be supplied? * Does the backrest adjust sufficiently to allow the user appropriate support? So If there was a seating problem in any of the laboratories then we would try and change to chairs that would fulfil the requirements identified in our risk assessments, which we would have carried out beforehand. We would try and maintain the chairs so that they are in good working order, provide employees with operating and adjustment instructions, ask individual employees if they have special requirements , ensure that employees take rest breaks if they are engaged in work that does not provide for movements, and supply footrests or reduce working surface heights for short workers where their feet does not contact the ground. difficult to reach under chairs to operate adjustment levers and their specific requirements should be addressed The law imposes a responsibility on the employer to ensure safety at work for all their employees. Much of the law regarding safety in the work place can be found in the Health & Safety At Work Act 1974. Employers have to take reasonable steps to ensure the health, safety and welfare of their employees at work. Failure to do so could result in a criminal prosecution in the Magistrates Court or a Crown Court. Failure to ensure safe working practices could also lead to an employee suing for personal injury or in some cases the employer being prosecuted for corporate manslaughter. ...read more.

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