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Physiological Disorders

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BTEC National Diploma in Health Studies Physiological Disorders Assignment 2 TASK 3 b) To make a diagnosis with conditions such as diabetes and breast cancer might be not easy meaning straightforward there are steps that are involved which sometimes make it difficult. It's very difficult to a sick person to understand and accept the fact that their life is going to change now because of the diagnosis that a health care professional made to the individual with a particular disorder. We can distinguish many different signs and symptoms of those diseases. Patients with diabetes could experience increased thirst, passing water frequently, especially at night, tiredness and fatigue, loss of weight, genital itching or recurrent thrush. Because many of these symptoms may be present in different diseases and conditions, therefore differential diagnoses can be diagnoses for the patient. Many of those senses can be detected and observed by health professional such as doctor. Diabetes symptoms may be misdiagnosed with many other illnesses such as: Fructosuria - a rare genetic disease that has fructose sugar in the urine, Glucagonoma - a rare form of endocrine pancreatic cancer or impaired glucose tolerance. A doctor will need to do further tests to make sure that he give the patient right diagnosis. This will help with the doctor final diagnosis but being able to know and to distinguishing between 2 or more diseases with similar signs and symptoms. To determine what each patient is suffering from professionals must do certain tests and examinations to exclude certain possibilities. Doctor will do Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), Fasting plasma Glucose Test (FGT) and take diabetes family history in consideration. Breast cancer also can have possible difficulties involved in making diagnosis. Symptoms of breast cancer include: changes to breast such as: a lump or thickening in an area of the breast, a change in the size or shape of a breast, dimpling of the skin, a change in the shape of your nipple, particularly if it turns in, sinks into the ...read more.

Middle

Acupuncture helped them effetely relief the pain of the neuropathy-the painful nerve damage of diabetes. This treatment also have been successful to maintain good blood circulation in the body in order to prevent problems which are associated with diabetes (such as neuropathy which causes numbness in feet, becoming vessels weak and leaky, blocking small vessels). Acupuncture also has been found effective with different health condition accessioned with diabetes: anxiety states, arthritis, circulatory problems, bone pain, high blood pressure, indeterminate aches and pains. Acupuncture benefits the strengthening of the immune system function. It is really beneficial in Diabetes Mellitus. However many doctors have disagreed on the effectiveness of acupuncture. They argue that acupuncture is not curing the illness, but is the mind suggestion which help us to reduce pain. Acupuncture has helped to improve diabetes patient's mobility skills, as well as the ways the blood circulates through the body. Although acupuncture is fairly new to people, it has been around for many years, originating with the Chinese, but it become very popular in the last 10 years. Acupuncture has many benefits if it is done correctly. However if it is done wrong it could lead to complications like an allergic reaction or blood contamination (if needles have been used twice). A diabetes patient who seeks help through doing acupuncture should be sure that they get someone who has full license to do it. Biofeedback is a technique to learn voluntary control of involuntary muscles or voluntary muscles that can't normally be controlled, such as blood pressure and heart rate. Biofeedback has been found to produce short and long term reductions in physical stress related to disease. Biofeedback also helps a sick person to become more aware of and to learn how to deal with the body response to pain and stress which are associated with illness. This alternative treatment for diabetes includes relaxation techniques and stress reduction. ...read more.

Conclusion

During the week she has a help from a nurse to look after her, during the weekend family look after her. My patient has a big problem with cigarette smoking before she was diagnosed with cancer. Smoking is an issue that patient has been doing for many years and he believes that it will be difficult for her to quit. Therefore, in adjusting to breast cancer disease this is would be difficulty issue because if he does not stop smoking then it might lead to more complications connected with her treatment and the other operation. Because she already had a cancer she should stop smoking because cancer can spread to her lungs (because of many years she was smoking). Difficulties in adjusting to the care process of breast cancer After radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment my patient feels sick and energy less. This is hard for her to adjust to because she feels like that after her treatment she wont be able to spend time with family because she will be to weak even for conversation. After operation she has to go to regular check ups, chemotherapy and radiography treatments. This has become stressful for her to adjust because he misses many things in her life; so far she lost her job because she wasn't able to come for a long time, she has no time to spend with her family because she is too weak and too tired. There are some medications that she must take to reduce the risk of getting infection and to boost up her immunity system after chemotherapy and surgery. She has a nurse who comes to her home three times a week to look after her. A nurse helps her in change her clothes doing food, helps to wash and ensures she eats properly because it is very important aspect to get healthy. On the weekends my patient's family looks after her. She finds this situation difficult because before she got sick her just to look after her grandchildren and now her own children need to look after her. She thinks it should be the other way around. ...read more.

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