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Prevention of disease

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Introduction

Health and Social Care Unit 9-Section D Lung Cancer can be a very serious disease depending on the severity of the condition, there are however many ways in which it can be prevented from developing in the first place, these are known as prevention methods for the disease. Because lung cancer is much related to the way in which you live through diet, exercise etc. it can be prevented in various ways. It is mainly an environmental caused disease therefore when relating to prevention methods it is quite severely affected through the way people live their lives. A major way in which it is possible to prevent it is to make people aware of it and make them familiarised with the way it is caused and how to prevent it, many people will tend to be on the watch and avoid the disease if they know more about it and what causes it to occur, prevention schemes can be either local or national. Local strategies to help prevent disease can be through health trusts, health promotion units, social services and also education and public health observatories. Local ways in which you can make people aware of the effects and risks of lung cancer and TB are through educating people such as young people in schools, by holding events where children are given special teachings about the disease, involving playing games and quizzes, this can therefore make them aware of how lung cancer and TB are caused and so they will be cautious about it and the ways to avoid it. ...read more.

Middle

When concerning TB the BCG vaccination may be discussed as well as the other behavioral precautions which can be taken that are listed above, therefore these methods are likely to be emphasized. Once people are familiarized with the diseases they will be more careful in order to prevent it. This can also be done through advertising on TV commercials or even in health leaflets. Health leaflets tend to play a big part in educating people about issues, many people would have read such leaflets with interest, and therefore it would be useful if they are available in pharmacies, hospitals, GP practices, dentists or other health services. Other methods of prevention include advising people about the benefits of maintaining a healthy diet with plenty of exercise; this can also be done nationally, again through leaflets or media. By showing people the benefits of exercise it may motivate a lot of people to switch to a better and healthier lifestyle. However, many factors can affect the prevention of disease including the public perception of the risks that they take for example; people continue to smoke because they have the wrong perception of the risks. Another reason maybe because the individual has an unrealistic optimism when it comes to their chances of developing a disease; many people seem to assume that they will not be the one to develop the disease, therefore they continue to smoke and do not always take the necessary precautions for prevention such as when in close contact with a friend or family member who may have active TB, this could be due to the lack of personal experience of the disease. ...read more.

Conclusion

blood tests and urine samples for example for further examination will all turn out to be meaningless if the patient still remains ignorant of their condition, whereas this time, money and effort could have gone towards another person who would actually agree with their health condition and as a result take action to improve their health. Patient compliance is yet another factor which affects the prevention of disease; this is when the patient acts upon the advice or instruction that is given by the doctor, pharmacist, nurses or therapists. In many cases non compliance is what affects the inability to prevent the disease. For example non compliance applies when a TB patient is given a series of first line drugs to take over a series of about six to eight months in order to eliminate the TB bacteria inside their body. Where the drugs must be taken however frequently required so to effectively ensure the bacteria is destroyed, many people may not follow the full course of the treatment or they may decide to skip a few days of treatment, keeping it going on and off whenever they feel like having it. This will aid resistant strains of bacteria in developing, making it more likely for the patient to develop MDR-TB or XDR-TB, it may also mean that the TB will once again recur. Therefore this would mean that resources, time and money are wasted and that more has to be used in order to prevent a situation which could have been prevented from rising in the first place. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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