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Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care.

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Unit 4-Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care. There are several different types of abuse; physical Abuse, this could be hitting, shaking, and biting, scalding, force feeding or any other physical harm to a person. Sexual Abuse, this could be forcing an individual to be part of a sexual activity or behaving in a sexual inappropriate way. Penetrative acts or non-penetrative acts and viewing inappropriate sexual activity on the internet are all types of sexual abuse. Emotional/psychological abuse, this could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing. Financial Abuse, this could be theft of money or valuables, misappropriate use of a person's finances and denying access to a person's finances. Institutional Abuse, this could be the misuse of authority over a vulnerable person in a health and social care setting, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, and lack of privacy, humiliation and bullying. Self-neglect, this could be self-harming behaviour like refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs and actual body harm like cutting oneself. Neglect by others, this could be not taking care of the basic needs of an individual like toileting, washing, feeding and personal care. ...read more.


If the resident tells me any information about the abuse then I would fill in a form which is kept in the staff room and write down all the information I was told. I would not say anything to the person accused of the abuse it will all be confidential and dealt with by the manager. All written reports should contain all details of abuse, then must be signed ,dated and witnessed. The witness should sign and date as well. Photographs should be taken of all injuries . All reports should be kept confidential, and stored in a secure way. No-one has access to these details but the management staff. It is important to keep to a time scale so any evidence will not be ruined. There are national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse. The national policies are; Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA), Vetting and Barring Scheme (VBS), Criminal Record Bureau (CRB) checks, "No Secrets" National framework , Health And Social Care codes of practice (2000), Safeguarding Adults policy (2009), Care Quality Commission, "Working Together To safeguard Children" (2006), "Every Child Matters" (2003), Common Assessment Framework (CAF). ...read more.


It is important to make the policies and procedures easy to understand and in an accessible place so everyone is aware of how to report and record an abuse situation. It is a legal requirement to have a complaints procedure in the work setting, it must be made known by all staff and there is a strict procedure for following up any complaints. Unsafe practices can be poor personal care which can affect the individual by not being fed properly ,not washed, toileted, dressed and bathed properly . Making inappropriate contact when handling and moving, failing to check medication dosage is correct, failing to attend training sessions to update knowledge, and breaching confidentiality by sharing knowledge with someone else ,these are all unsafe practices in the work setting and can affect the individual. It is important to report unsafe practices so report the problem to the person in charge first then the manager. Report it by means of mouth and in written form. Anyone can report a suspicion of abuse and everyone has the right to report a suspicion to the social services or the police. You can be disciplined, suspended and dismissed if you don't report an abuse and follow the correct procedures. ...read more.

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This report reads more like a list. It lacks in explanations and demonstrates little application of knowledge. Whilst there is a clear awareness of the factors that cause abuse and how to deal with a situation that may arise, it is not linked into to a work context and provides no examples or references of any sort. **

Marked by teacher Michelle Turrell 01/03/2013

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