• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychological Perspectives - Biological Approach

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Health and Social Care National Extended Diploma Psychological Perspective: Biological Approach The biological approach is a psychological perspective that believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviours from a biological and thus our physical point of view. Therefore, all that is psychological is first physiological. http://www.godandscience.org/images/dna-helix.gif The key theorist for the biological approach is Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) followed the works of Darwin and many other evolutionists, eventually developing the Gesell Maturational Theory. His theory suggests that development in childhood and adolescence is primarily biological or genetic in origin. ...read more.

Middle

may be different from his or her chronological age http://www.gesellinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/gesell-theory-image.jpg Gesell?s theory was ground breaking because it implied that learning, illnesses, injuries and life experiences were all secondary, if at all influential to the biology and evolution of the genetics that program a child?s development. However, if the child?s environment was so distorted as to be harmful, he felt that children were born with all the information their bodies needed for development and maturation. He believed that genetics determine the developmental process and the timing of maturation, and parents could affect very little of this, except by being sensitive to cues learned from the descriptive norms. ...read more.

Conclusion

This approach can be beneficial in health and social care because when looking at a genetic inheritance, we can see where certain illnesses or health related behaviours may come in, such as asthma and schizophrenia. It also shows a clear distinction between the impacts of nature vs nurture. This gives more ground for the debate. Recent research has challenged Gesell?s age norms, showing that newborns may have more abilities than was reported and that his developmental picture may be too slow. Newborns have been found to be a lot ?smarter? than Gesell originally reported showing advanced competencies at early ages. Despite the many criticisms, paediatricians and infant specialists still use Gesell?s norms to help them determine what babies should be able to do at various stages in their lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. human inheritance

    for a totality of 46. With few exceptions, the chromosomes and genes found within any two cells of your body will be the same. www.bioethics.org.nz/.../images/chromosome DNA: This stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. This is a large molecule packaged in chromosomes in the nucleus of cells.

  2. Unit 4-Human lifespan development

    Some older adult's seem to make more sensible decisions due to the fact that their ability increases. However, there thinking tends to decrease but this doe's not necessary affect there decisions it life. Social/emotional development Individuals in late adulthood have accumulated a lifetime of self-knowledge, which allows them to be

  1. Mental Illness/nature nurture debate

    In 1930 the mental health act was developed due to this added pressure and in the 1980's the method of approach became client centred and holistic. Today the holistic model is still used it looks at the treatment of the whole person.

  2. Explain the principle psychological perspectives and theories.

    Out of one hundred and twenty three genuine participants twenty eight percent gave an incorrect answer more that eight times showing how much a group can influence on the way you behave. Seeing all the other participants giving the same answer, even though it is obvious it is incorrect the

  1. Human Anatomy and Physiology

    The heart is located within the chest cavity and surrounded by a fluid filled sac called the pericardium. This amazing muscle produces electrical impulses that cause the heart to contract, pumping blood throughout the body. The heart and the circulatory system together form the cardiovascular system.

  2. Explain the principal psychological perspectives of the biological approach

    old Examples of Gesell?s assessments that can be used to assess a child?s development at a particular time: - Age 4 - Comprehension question- English tests - Between the ages 2 to 6 - The cube test- handwriting, spelling tests, maths tests, cutting and colouring in.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work