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Psychological Perspectives - Cognitive Approach

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Health and Social Care National Extended Diploma Psychological Perspective: Cognitive Approach Cognitive Psychology revolves around the idea that if we want to know what makes people tick then we need to be able to understand the internal processes of their mind. Cognition literally means ?knowing?. In other words, cognitive psychology refers to the study of the human mental processes and their role in thinking, feeling, and behaving. Key Theorists of the cognitive approach includes Piaget and Beck. Jean Piaget (1896-1980), his view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously influential, especially in educational theory. His particular insight was the role of maturation (i.e. ...read more.

Middle

and how we act (behaviour), all interact together. Specifically, our thoughts determine our feelings and our behaviour and can form a destructive cycle. He devised six different steps to do so: 1) Identify a behaviour that they wish to improve or change, 2) monitor the baseline behaviour, 3) learn about recommendations for the targeted behaviour, 4) set goals for themselves, 5) Implement a self-improvement plan, and finally, 6) perform a self-assessment of effectiveness and identify factors that either promoted, or hindered their goals. The way that cognitive psychology view and study behaviour is that it primarily focuses on the different ways that human?s process information, looking at how we treat information that comes in to the person (stimuli), and how this treatment leads to responses. ...read more.

Conclusion

Then asking questions such as, ?are there alternative explanations for thoughts??, ?How does it affect me?? ?What type of errors am I making??, can help service users to rationalise their thoughts and see them from a different perspective. Learning difficulties are also another aspect where the cognitive approach can be helpful as by identifying irrational thoughts, individuals can be guided to change them, CT can improve self esteem and reduce outbursts which may stem from not being able to understand. cognitive psychology sub-topics Strengths of this approach are that it is scientific, highly applicable (e.g. therapy), it combines easily with other approaches and many studies supports the theory. Limitations include that it ignores biology (e.g. testosterone) and that the experiments have a low ecological validity ...read more.

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