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PUBLIC HEALTH

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Candidate Name: Imama Khatoon Candidate Number: 4342 Centre Number: 27240 Unit 6 Public Health Health and Social Care Contents Page A01.............................................................................................................................................................Page 3 A02............................................................................................................................................................Page 5 A03............................................................................................................................................................Page 9 A04..........................................................................................................................................................Page 10 Bibliography.........................................................................................................................................Page 12 Public Health A01 Public health is the organised effort of a society which helps to protect and improve the health and well being of the population as a whole. Public health helps people who are less fortunate to achieve a healthier lifestyle. It is the health of the population within the nation and is something which not only affects an individual but infact is an effect on a group of people. Examples of this are alcohol abuse, eating disorders, mental health, obesity, smoking, teenage pregnancy and vaccination. These are all listed as public health issues as it affects more than just one person. Different kinds of people are involved in public health work. The one most common factor is that their activities focus on protecting and improving the health of the population or community. Public health professionals involve working towards improving the health and well being of people in the community. Public health professionals can come from varying educational backgrounds. This involves a host of specialists, from teachers, social workers, journalists, researchers, administrators to environmentalists, demographers, laboratory scientists and attorneys. All of these professionals work to protect the health of the society through confronting complex health issues such as improving access to health care, controlling infectious disease, and reducing environmental hazards, violence, substance abuse, and injury. The health issue that I have chosen to focus on is smoking, one of the single largest cause of preventable disease and premature death within the UK. Research shows that up to one in every five die due to smoking. I have chosen this issue as it is affecting millions of people in the UK and all over the world; however Governments in developed countries are trying to reduce smoking through advertising restrictions and court action against the tobacco industry.

Middle

remains high. For example, in England in 2004 the overall prevalence of smoking was 40% in Bangladeshi men and 29% in Pakistani men compared with 24% among the male general population There are not many smokers about who started smoking after the age of eighteen. In fact, the majority of smokers took up the habit in their early or mid teens. At such a young age, teenagers don't really think about the health risks of smoking and sometimes may not realise how addictive it is. Smoking has many types of short and long-term effects. It causes many types of cancers, which may not develop for years. But cancers account for only about half of the deaths linked to smoking. Long-term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like cancer, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), organ damage, and heart disease. Smoking also damages the arteries. Smoking also causes many short-term effects, such as poor lung function. Because of this, smokers often suffer shortness of breath and nagging coughs. They often will tire easily during physical activity. Some other common short-term effects include less ability to smell and taste, premature aging of the skin, bad breath, and stained teeth. Smokers often believe that there is no point in stopping smoking because the damage is already done, however, this is not the case. Below are some of the short and long term benefits that occur after the first twenty minutes of quitting tobacco. After just twenty minutes: blood pressure decreases, pulse rate drops, and temperature of hands and feet increases. After eight hours carbon monoxide level in blood drops to normal, oxygen level in blood increases to normal. After twenty four hours the chance of suffering heart attack decreases. After fourty eight hours nerve ending start re-growing, and ability to smell and taste is enhanced. Two to twelve weeks later the circulation improves; walking becomes easier, and the lung function increases.

Conclusion

Reasons being are children are still at ease of accessibility of buying tobacco illegally in pubs, bars, hotels and social clubs. Evidence shows there are 70,000's of them, selling 750 million cigarettes a year. In my opinion the banning of cigarette vending machines would reduce the outlets available to young people and therefore restrict their access to cigarettes. In order to help prevent new people and stop current smokers from smoking the governments have set up advertisements to show dangers and health risks of smoking. These have been seen on the TV, radio, billboards, taxi cabs, busses, leaflets and posters around schools, towns and public places such as cinemas. The main idea behind this is to show the public the risks of smoking and make them aware of help lines available and the ways to stop. Public is often surprised by seeing the death rates of smoking and images of the health impacts it can have on the body. To help people from all around the world to quit smoking there is a No Smoking Day. The No Smoking Day is also an excellent opportunity to stop smoking and there are affective free and friendly services available locally. It is an annual health awareness campaign that helps smokers that want to stop. The No Smoking Day was first introduced in London and now is a national event. On No Smoking Day, up to 1.5 million smokers make their first quit attempt and millions more use the day to take a step towards stopping smoking. However I don't actually feel that this has been successful, reasons are that it hasn't actually been widely advertised and not a lot of the population is aware of it. Also some people might give up smoking and get back to the same habit within a small period. Some people might even have a negative effect of it and might begin to smoke the next day. Bibliography Throughout this assignment I have put numbers in brackets, next to key terms/skills or definitions.

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