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Public Health in the UK - History and Policies.

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Introduction

´╗┐Task 1 (P1) ? what is public health? Public health is preventing diseases, extending life and promoting health through the organised efforts of society. We have been looking at public health from the 19th century and comparing it to today?s health. We have noticed that many agencies are involved with public health to make the environment cleaner and a place to live in. Examples of agencies are the cancer research, world health organisation and health protection agency these are influenced throughout a wide variety of the population in the UK. These agencies set targets and measure the outcomes, ensuring that everyone is living a suitable environment. We looked at some key aspects in which it promotes public health such as population based, responsibility for health protection and disease prevention. Monitoring the health status of the population this role focuses on the changes in health, of the population and alerting people to possible problems. An example could be the level of obesity that has increased within the population. Another strategy is recognizing the health needs of the population, which looks at the trends and patterns that are well-known, the likely assumptions for the services the more it can be identified. ...read more.

Middle

was often referred to as an architect of the welfare state in Britain. During the 1941 he commissioned by the Prime Minister Winton Churchill, so he could investigate the welfare state schemes of the time and suggests ways of improving them. He developed numerous ideas and principles the effectively led to the welfare which we are familiar with today such as the NHS Act. This health strategy was released by the new labour government after their election in 1997, the strategy linked with the Acheson report and attempt to tackle the root causes of ill health such as pollution, unemployment, low wages, crime and poor housing. The report of Sir Douglas?s Black in 1980 was the first to highlight these in equalities, followed by the update of ?The Health Divide? in 1987. However, the findings were confirmed further in Donald Acheson?s report in 1997. It carries 39 recommendations in which he highlighted three areas which are all policies likely to have an impact on health should be evaluated in terms of their impact on health inequality. The second area is priorities to the health of families with children. ...read more.

Conclusion

To cure the communicable disease cost a lot in the 19th century. Whereas today we have free health care and they focus on non-communicable disease such as strokes, HIV and CHD. To prevent people these diseases from increasing they now promote public health to ensure people are living a better and healthier lifestyle. The first Public Health Act 1848 was aimed to improve the sanitary condition of towns and populous places in England and Wales by placing the supply of water, sewerage, drainage, cleansing and paving under a single local body. Chadwick thought that it would help reduce diseases from spreading. This focused on poverty which relates to the big sting and board street pumps. Today the same kind of system is carried out it is known as the Health Protection, it is includes laws governing health and safety at work or a care setting, food hygiene, usage of tax policy to reduce smoking levels by raising the price of cigarettes. This ensures that everyone is kept safe and helps reduce the number of poverty in UK. Overall, both policies focus on the safety of each individual and faced similar problems with society. ...read more.

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