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Research into different types of dementia

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Introduction

´╗┐Dementia.p1 What is dementia: Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life such as Memory loss. There are different types of dementia Alzheimer?s disease,vascular dementia, pick?s disease, dementia with lewy bodies,creutzfeldt-jakob disease,huntingdon?s disease. Although Alzheimer?s is the most popular type of dementia with 55% however most dementia have similar signs and symptoms for example memory loss and confussing. A person with dementia will receive care from many different people across the NHS and social care. Although these dementias may be similar, there are clear symptoms that set them apart. Alzheimer?s disease: Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behaviour. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Those with Alzheimer's live an average of eight years after their symptoms become noticeable to others, Alzheimer's has no current cure, but treatments for symptoms are available and research continues although current Alzheimer's treatments cannot stop Alzheimer's from progressing, they can temporarily slow the worsening of dementia symptoms and improve quality of life for those with Alzheimer's and their family and friends. Decreased memory, reasoning and ability to care for ones self that makes a person unable to function. It is a kind of dementia that occurs with damage to the brain with aging. ...read more.

Middle

Signs and symptoms: Loss of interest in social activities; may behave in socially inappropriate ways Difficulty following the flow of a conversation May include severe depression, mood swings and epilepsy Some areas of the brain may be more affected than others Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not there) Memory loss ,depression Changes in personality and mood Getting lost in familiar surroundings Laughing or crying inappropriately Confusion, which may get worse at night Personality changes and loss of social skills http://www.helpguide.org/elder/vascular_dementia.htm http://www.alz.co.uk/info/vascular-dementia Pick?s disease: Pick's disease causes an irreversible decline in a person's functioning over a period of years. Although it is commonly confused with Alzheimer's disease, it?s a form of dementia that causes a slow shrinking of brain cells due to excess protein build-up Pick?s Disease affects personality, orientation and behaviour. Also it?s the accumulation of abnormal brain cells, known as Pick's bodies, eventually leads to changes in character, socially inappropriate behaviour, and poor decision making, progressing to a severe impairment in intellect, memory and speech, It may be more common in women and occurs at an early age Pick's disease may have a genetic component, but most family members are unaffected. Someone with picks disease may become less sensitive this can make them seems cold and unfeeling. ...read more.

Conclusion

Signs and symtopms : Mental impairment becomes severe Lose the ability to move and speak Pneumonia and other infections often occur in these individuals and can lead to death Loss of co-ordination and balance Problems with movement, especially poor balance Problems seeing or hearing Memory and speech loss Muscle paralysis Incontinence http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/ http://www.bupa.co.uk/individuals/health-information/directory/c/cjd Huntingdon?s disease: Huntington's disease is an inherited disease of the brain, The disease damages some of the nerve cells in the brain, causing deterioration and gradual loss of function of areas of the brain. Both men and women with a family history of Huntington's can inherit the disease. Symptoms usually start to show during adulthood. People can start to show the symptoms of Huntington's disease at almost any age, but most will develop problems between 35 and 55. There is no cure for Huntington's disease. Its progress cannot be reversed or slowed down, Medication can be used to manage some of the symptoms,the affected person may live for 15 to 20 years after the diagnosed Signs and symptoms: A lack of emotions and not recognising the needs of others in the family Alternating periods of aggression, excitement, depression, apathy, antisocial behaviour and anger Difficulty concentrating on more than one task, which causes irritability Short-term memory lapses Problems with orientation Develop a lack of interest in hygiene and self-care. Uncontrollable movements of the face Loss of co-ordination, can lead to spilling or dropping food Difficulty putting thoughts into words, and they slur their speech Making inappropriate sexual demands. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Huntingtons-disease/Pages/Symptoms.aspx http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/conditions/huntingtons1.shtml ...read more.

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