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Risks to the individuals health and well-being.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

risks to the individuals health and well-being. There are several factors that negatively influence the health and well-being of my individual. The first one I am going to talk about is that he smokes. Many diseases and medical problems are caused by smoking and also causes lung cancer, throat and larynx cancer, kidney and bladder cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. So what makes smoking so risky? Our bodies suffer the effects of nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar. The dangers are not only confined to the risk of the smoker. If we breathe in the smoke from someone cigarette we are also at risk. This is known as passive smoking and can increase our risk of getting diseases associated with smoking. When we smoke, the chemicals that are in cigarettes are absorbed into the blood. In our red blood cells is a substance called haemoglobin which carries oxygen around the body. Carbon monoxide is dangerous because it takes the place of oxygen and takes a long time to be removed. The lack of oxygen can slow body growth and affect heart function. It can also lead to fat being deposited on the artery walls, causing them to harden. This is known as coronary artery disease and the primary heart disease. Cigarettes also contain nicotine. This is a fast-acting brain stimulation that has an effect lasting about 7minutes. Nicotine is addictive and leads the smoker wanting more. This powerful drug causes some immediate effects such as increase in blood, constriction of small blood vessels, thickening of blood, and change in appetite. Cigarettes therefore can have a harmful effect on the heart, blood and circulation. When a cigarette burns it produces a product known as tar. This contains thousands of different chemicals, some of which are carcinogens. Carcinogenic chemicals have the ability to cause cancer. Tar also damages the small hairs (cilia) ...read more.

Middle

All our body processes take place in water. It helps us digest our food and dispose of our waste products. We should all release the great value of water. Fibre in our diet adds bulk to the food that we eat. This helps our digestive system to move through the bowel. We find fibre in a variety of different foods, such as: bran, rice, whole grain cereals, wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables. Scientific studies have shown that if we eat a lot of fruit and vegetables we are usually healthier. We may have a lower risk of developing heart disease and some cancers. For this reason, it is recommended that we eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables everyday. It does not matter whether they are fresh, tinned, frozen, cooked, juiced or dried. Another bad factor is that he is under a lot of stress. Stress can be caused by worry. We may be unhappy about our friends or home life, our job, or personal relationships. The psychological effects of worry can lead to physical problems. Stress can affect sleeping patterns, appetite and emotions, make us irritable or depressed, cause panic/anxiety attacks, twitching, chest pains and breathing difficulties, even vomiting, diarrhoea and sickness, lower our resistance to infection because it depresses the immune system and raises our blood pressure. When you are under stress, your body produces the hormone adrenaline. It mobilises fatty acids that provide us with a source of energy. This is why exercise is important and helps relieve stress. Many people suffer from skin disease that are brought on, or aggravated, by stress. These can take the form of rash or small bumps known as hives. Stress can also be a factor that causes, or aggravates, acne. Red scaly patches, known as psoriasis can affect your skin, scalp, elbows, knees, back. These health trends tend to run in families but attacks can be triggered by stress. ...read more.

Conclusion

across). Melanomas are usually more than 7mm (1/2 inch) in diameter. Itching, crusting or bleeding may also occur in melanomas - these are less common signs but should not be ignored. It is important to see your GP if you have any unusual marks on the skin that last more than a few weeks, or an existing mole which shows any of the above signs. If necessary they will arrange for you to see a doctor who specialises in skin conditions (a dermatologist) or a surgeon. Unexplained weight loss If you have lost a lot of weight over a short period of time (a couple of months), that cannot be explained by changes in your diet, increased exercise or stress, it is important to tell your GP. Other symptoms, such as sickness, pain and fatigue also tend to occur when a person experiences weight loss due to cancer. What to do if you have worrying symptoms You usually begin by seeing your GP who will examine you, ask questions about your symptoms, and might ask you to have some tests, such as a blood test or x-ray. If your GP suspects that you may have cancer, an urgent referral will be made to a specialist. There are guidelines produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to help GPs identify when symptoms could be due to cancer or some other condition. An urgent referral usually means that the specialist will see you within two weeks. The specialist can carry out other investigations, such as a biopsy or various scans, to find the cause of your symptoms and plan any treatment necessary. If your GP thinks your symptoms are not caused by cancer they may still refer you to a specialist for advice, but the referral is likely to be non-urgent and it will take longer for you to be seen. Remember - in most cases, your symptoms will turn out to be caused by something other than cancer, but they can still be signs of illness and so you won't be wasting your doctor's time by getting them checked out. ...read more.

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