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Safeguarding children - recognising the signs of abuse

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´╗┐Unit 5 Safeguarding policies Understanding the indicators of potential child abuse: This is a very sensitive subject and something which any child care worker will wish never comes up but must be vigilant for any signs of abuse in case it does. As care workers we must remember to be causes that these are only indicators and if some are spotted there could be a very good reason for them and thorough investigation should be made before any allegations are made. We must always follow the policies made by the Nursery and carefully adhere to these and never jump to our own conclusions. Physical Abuse Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. This may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child. A child under the age of 18 years who has experienced physical threats or physical violence or whose needs have been neglected or disregarded by a person or persons in a position of authority or in which a relationship of trust exists. Indicators of potential physical abuse: Physical Indicators Behavioural indicators Burns and Scalds. These may show the shapes of the item used to inflict them. For example, iron, grill, cigarette burns. ...read more.


Looking at wear the injury has occurred also very important as injuries caused by accident usually appear in different places to those caused deliberately. EG: grazed and marked knee?s/ elbows chin are common in toddlers that are walking running about. Injuries to Eyes (black eye) Cheek cheek (pinch marks) Buttocks/genitals (bruising/bleeding) are not common should be treated more seriously and looked in to. There could be a very good explanation but this should never be assumed and always be investigated further to make sure. Emotional abuse Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterised by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that is psychologically harmful. This often results in various behavioural, emotional, or psychological problems. Emotional Child abuse: children are deprived of an environment which supports and nurtures them emotionally and intellectually. Emotional abuse in the home may include children not receiving the love and attention they need or being subject to put downs and exposure to domestic violence. It can be the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child?s emotional development. It may involve conveying to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It is nonphysical mistreatment, resulting in disturbed behaviour by the child, such as severe withdrawal or hyperactivity. Emotional abuse includes wilfully causing any child to suffer, inflicting mental suffering, or endangering a child's emotional well-being. Emotional abuse, according to Richard D. ...read more.


New adult words for body parts and no obvious source for this./ not wanting to be a lone with trusted adults/ childminder. Becoming unusually secretive Neglect Children need adequate food, water, shelter, warmth, protection and health care. They also need their carers to be attentive, dependable and kind. Children are neglected if these essential needs ? the things they need to develop and grow ? are persistently not met. NSPCC There are many signs that may indicate neglect, an inadequate home environment may suggest that a parent cannot cope and can be a sign that children are being neglected. A as are adults who leave their children alone for long periods, persistently ignore them, or fail to properly supervise or protect them from danger. And where adults have mental health problems, suffer violence in the home, or have a drug or alcohol addiction, it is possible that the children in their care may be neglected as a result of these issues. Poor appearance and delayed development are also common signs that may indicate a child is being neglected. A child taking on the role of carer of other family members, in the absence of a parent, is another. Effects of abuse or Neglect to a child These consequences vary according to differences in the severity, duration, and frequency of maltreatment. However, they also vary depending on the child?s resilience, which relates to temperament, coping skills, and developmental stage, and his or her environment, as determined by family income, social support, or neighbourhood characteristics (Hecht and Hansen, 2001). Sustained maltreatment can have major long-term effects on all aspects of children?s health and wellbeing ...read more.

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