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Safeguarding Children - Types, Signs and Reasons for Abuse of Children

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´╗┐Level 3 Health and Social Care Miss Parry AO2 Investigate the Types, Signs and Reasons for Abuse of Children In this task I am going to discuss the types of abuse, signs and reason for the abuse of children. The types of abuse are physical or non-accidental injury, emotional, sexual and neglect. According to www.mentalhelp.net, Physical Abuse occurs when one person uses physical pain or threat of physical force to intimidate another person. Actual physical abuse may involve simple slaps or pushes, or it may involve a full on physical beating complete with punching, kicking, hair pulling, scratching, and real physical damage sufficient in some cases to require hospitalization. In particularly violent instances, people can die from the injuries they sustain while being physically abused. Physical abuse is abusive whether bruises or physical damage occur or not. Physical abuse may involve the mere threat of physical violence if the victim does not comply with the wishes of the abuser, and still be considered physical abuse. If an adult deliberately hurts a child ? causing them physical harm, such as cuts, bruises, broken bones or other injuries ? it is physical abuse. It can include hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning, and slapping. According to http://www.nspcc.org.uk, Causes - Being unable to cope with the stress and frustration of parenting can lead to physical abuse. A lack of support from family, friends or community can make this problem worse. Parents who have learned bad parenting from others, perhaps from their own past experiences of a violent parent, may be a factor, as are unrealistic expectations of how a child should behave. In particular, children born prematurely or disabled are more vulnerable to physical abuse. No-one knows for sure why this is the case, but the increased demands and stress of caring for a child with special needs could be a reason. Whatever the situation, there is never a good reason to deliberately injure a child. ...read more.


paying for the sexual services of a child or encouraging them into prostitution or pornography 8. showing a child images of sexual activity including photographs, videos or via webcams. Acts of child sexual abuse are committed by men, women, teenagers, and other children. Sex offenders are found in all areas of society and come from a variety of backgrounds. Significantly more men than women sexually abuse children; however, female sexual abuse is under reported and is sometimes not recognised as abuse. Contrary to the popular image, abusers usually seem quite normal to others; friends, relatives and co-workers often find it hard to believe that someone they know has abused children. They are more likely to be someone that the child knows, like a relative, family friend or person in a position of trust, rather than a stranger. If the abuser is another child or young person, the abused child may be very confused about their feelings and may rationalise, or be persuaded, that what is happening is ?normal?. A child may not say anything because they think it is their fault, that no one will believe them, or that they will be teased or punished. The child may even care for an abusing adult ? they will want the abuse to stop, but they may fear the adult will go to prison or that their family will break up. Very young children and disabled children are particularly vulnerable because they may not have the words or the ability to communicate what is happening to them to someone they trust. The causes of sexually abusive behaviour towards children are complex and not fully understood. As well as the abusers' sexual urges and willingness to act upon those urges, other factors may be involved: power and control issues, traumatic childhood experiences, and troubled families. Child sexual abuse can also be motivated by money, as it is in the case of child prostitution and pornography. ...read more.


1. Domestic violence. Witnessing domestic violence is terrifying to children and emotionally abusive. Even if the mother does her best to protect her children and keeps them from being physically abused, the situation is still extremely damaging. If you or a loved one is in an abusive relationships, getting out is the best thing for protecting the children. 2. Alcohol and drug abuse. Living with an alcoholic or addict is very difficult for children and can easily lead to abuse and neglect. Parents who are drunk or high are unable to care for their children, make good parenting decisions, and control often-dangerous impulses. Substance abuse also commonly leads to physical abuse. 3. Untreated mental illness. Parents who suffering from depression, an anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, or another mental illness have trouble taking care of themselves, much less their children. A mentally ill or traumatized parent may be distant and withdrawn from his or her children, or quick to anger without understanding why. Treatment for the caregiver means better care for the children. 4. Lack of parenting skills. Some caregivers never learned the skills necessary for good parenting. Teen parents, for example, might have unrealistic expectations about how much care babies and small children need. Or parents who were themselves victims of child abuse may only know how to raise their children the way they were raised. In such cases, parenting classes, therapy, and caregiver support groups are great resources for learning better parenting skills. 5. Stress and lack of support. Parenting can be a very time-intensive, difficult job, especially if you?re raising children without support from family, friends, or the community or you?re dealing with relationship problems or financial difficulties. Caring for a child with a disability, special needs, or difficult behaviours is also a challenge. It?s important to get the support you need, so you are emotionally and physically able to support your child. ...read more.

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