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Schizophrenia is a hard mental disorder. It reflects of numerous mental functions, thinking process, perception, emotions, motivation and motoric functions.

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Introduction

Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a hard mental disorder. It reflects of numerous mental functions, thinking process, perception, emotions, motivation and motoric functions. It is better to look at schizophrenia like a syndrome, i.e. complex of symptoms and signs, because there is no agreement about the causes of this disease. There are a lot of hypothesis about the causes of schizophrenia. One stands that the unhealthy family atmosphere causes disorder; others stand on the biochemical conceptions of the disease which springs from derangements in the brain metabolism and leads to hallucinations. The first case of decease was described in 1896 by German psychiatrist E. Krepelin. He named it dementia praecox which mean early dotage, because patients lost most mental functions very early. He distinguished that syndrome from other distresses and first of all from manic-depressive psychosis or bipolar disorder. He also described three types of dementia praecox: paranoiac, hebephrenic and catatonic. ...read more.

Middle

The risk identification of schizophrenia is bigger in large cities than at a country side. The difference between man's and women's syndromes and clinical course of disease is insignificant. People with predisposition to schizophrenia also have such symptoms as social isolation or withdrawal, or unusual speech, thinking, or behavior. In general in North America approximately one percent of the population develops schizophrenia during their lifetime. The most prevalent form of schizophrenia is paranoiac schizophrenia, which is characterized by delusion of persecution with jealousy and animosity. However there are also such symptoms as mental impairment and hallucinations. Delusion of persecution may last for years going stronger and develop into eerie. As a rule patients with paranoiac form of schizophrenia usually have no visual changes in behavior, mental and social degradation, like during other form of disease. Hebephrenic form of schizophrenia differs from paranoiac form by also symptoms and outlet. ...read more.

Conclusion

Usually a combination of heave tranquilizer and different forms of physiological, social and moral support is used for treatment. In climax period treatment is usually conducted in clinic, because the behavior of patients can be socially dangerous, and they can't look after themselves. There is also a great risk of suicide or aggression. In such cases compulsory hospitalization is used. In the long run most of the patients prove to be able to live outside the clinic and lead rich social life if given appropriate social support. Most of them are able to continue their work. Use of tranquilizations over a long period of time suppress most of the symptoms of the schizophrenia and normalize morale. Social support is really important for long run help. It includes observation of patients and consultations with specialists. Also living conditions without strong stress are provided, because hostile and critical attitude towards patient in the family circle may stimulate recurring attack of disease. ...read more.

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