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Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

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Introduction

´╗┐Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Did you know that up to 340 million people in the world are infected per year with only a case of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis worldwide? Sexually transmitted infections (SDI?s) are a major global concern in developed countries and developing countries. I will discuss the following topics; the SDI?s syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis, and generally if sexually transmitted diseases/infections are dangerous or not. A Penis with sores Source A The SDI- syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be passed on from person to person through unprotected vaginal, anal and oral sex only, it cannot be spread by contact with toilet seats, pools, food or clothing and an infected pregnant women can pass the disease on to her child. If you have been exposed to syphilis you may get symptoms of such as sores appearing on the part of the body were the infection was transmitted for example; genitals (look at source A), rectum, tongue, lips and swelling of lymph glands. After 3 ? 6 weeks the sore will disappear and if left untreated syphilis will move into its second stage. The symptoms of the second stage begin 3-6 weeks after the primary phase and may contain- rash, tiredness, headaches, fever, hair and weight loss and joint pains. ...read more.

Middle

Genital HSV-1 outbreaks recur less regularly than genital HSV-2 outbreaks. Using medication can shorten the outbreak of the infection and lowers chances of the infection coming back and making later outbreaks less severe. Using antiviral drugs such as acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir all of them must be taken for 7-10 days.. All of these medications have different prices and are available and can be afforded in all developed countries but not in developing countries. It is improving, there have been many studies and ?medical stations? built to improve in availability of antiviral drugs in third world countries. There are generally no long term effects with genital herpes if treated. Source B Vagina with sores Trichomoniasis is caused by a protozoan a unicellular parasite. It is usually spread through unprotected sexual intercourse. Anyone who's sexually active can catch the infection then pass it on. An infected pregnant woman can also pass on the infection to her unborn child. Trichomoniasis cannot be spread through contact with toilet seats, doorknobs, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, shared clothing, or eating utensils. Only 50 % of all women that get exposed to an HSV virus show any symptoms, but some of the symptoms may appear 5-28 days after being exposed will cause soreness and itchiness near the vagina (see source B), thick vaginal discharge, pain whilst passing urine and discomfort during sexual intercourse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Female Total Syphilis 593 49 639 Genital Herpes 318 275 593 Trichomoniasis - - 20,000 Disease Male Female Total Syphilis 330,000 280,000 620,000 Genital Herpes - - - Trichomoniasis 23,200,00 22,200,00 45,400,00 Source A In the Netherlands (as shown in source A) there are slightly under 500 times less people diagnosed with syphilis in 2006 than in North Africa and the Middle East There were also twice as many people diagnosed with Trichomoniasis in North Africa (look at Source B). There is probably such a large difference between the two places (Northern Africa and the Netherlands) because of the development status. The Netherlands is very developed and Africa is still struggling to develop. Source B . Since people in third world countries are not aware of many of the STI?s possibly none at all they can not treat the infections and prevent them. So are STI?s generally dangerous? The answer may vary, some infections do not cause any long term affects and possibly no symptoms but that is if they are treated correctly. One major issue with having no problems whilst being infected is spreading it on to other people. Many of the treatments are not available in developing countries such as Africa (has many, many more infected people than in the Netherlands- developed country). So be sure to always have safe sex to lower the chances of getting an STI. ...read more.

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