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Should people who smoke pay for their treatment in hospitals? It is legal for people to smoke. Scientific evidence strongly supports the view that smoking makes it much more likely that a smoker will

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Introduction

Should people who smoke pay for their treatment in hospitals? It is legal for people to smoke. Scientific evidence strongly supports the view that smoking makes it much more likely that a smoker will suffer from heart disease and cancers than a non-smoker. It should also be noted that tobacco taxes raise a huge amount of money that is available for funding the National Health Service and other government expenditure. Cigarettes contain thousands of chemicals. Up to 600 additives and flavourings may be in a single cigarette and there are as many as 4000 chemicals that are released when a cigarette is smoked. Nicotine is the main addictive ingredient in tobacco. It is readily absorbed into the blood and gives a hit (a rush) to the brain in about 10 seconds. Nicotine produces chemicals in the brain called dopamine. It is the regular hits of nicotine that the brain comes to expect and when people quit it causes withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine is a stimulant that increases the heart rate and blood pressure - this is partly a sign that the body is trying to absorb more oxygen. These are some of the substance that are found in cigarettes and can cause harm: Acetone is a substance that is used as a solvent to remove nail varnish; Ammonia which speeds up the delivery of the nicotine and also it freebases the nicotine in the same way as a crack user takes cocaine. ...read more.

Middle

Chronic mucus secretion and chronic air flow blocks are also resulted from smoking. A smoker gets more nose and throat inflammations, respiratory infections, and chronic bronchitis than a non-smoker. Cigarette smoking accounts for 30 percent of all heart disease deaths. The carbon monoxide in the burning smoke causes more cholesterol clogging in the arteries. Smoking causes a stiffness in the walls of the arteries which is harmful to the artery and increases the risk for an artery to rupture. The nicotine in the cigarettes can raise your blood pressure, heart rate, and the oxygen demand for your muscles, especially the muscles found in your heart. A coronary spasm may occur during smoking, which may lead to chest pain, and a heart attack. Also, blood clots more often in smokers than non-smokers. Smoking is the major cause of cancer in the lips, tongue, salivary glands, mouth, larynx, oesophagus, and lower middle pharynx. Smoking can be directly associated with the development of stomach cancer. Smoking is known to cause bladder cancer. Unfortunately, quitting smoking will not significantly reduce the risk of bladder cancer. Smoking has been linked to cancers of the renal pelvis, which is part of the kidney. It is also associated with the uterine cervix, and the pancreas. ...read more.

Conclusion

account people who choose to take part in extreme sports or who have a dangerous job like - Fire-fighters, Police Officers, Military personnel - who would decide these things and how would we charge them. So should smokers pay for treatment? Obviously the are two side to any argument. Some people would say yes and others no. here are some opinions of some people: 'The primary objective of the NHS is to provide medical treatment for the entire population free at point of use. Everyone who pays tax in this country contributes to the cost of this unique benefit. How can the Government possibly justify withholding treatment from many of those who have already paid for and are still paying for it?' Andy Smith, Leek 'No-one should be discriminated against [even if] their illnesses are to some extent self-inflicted.' General Medical Council Guidelines, July 2000 My opinion is that people who smoke should not be forced to pay for their treatment. Yes, it is self inflicted but then the NHS has to treat other self inflicted injuries and diseases. Also taxes that smokers pay for cigarettes go toward the NHS. It would be setting a perhaps unpopular precedent were smokers to be especially penalised and such a development would inevitably lead to other categories of illness being deemed chargeable because of the sufferers' lifestyle choices. Katherine Kent ...read more.

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