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Smoking and its effects

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction This biology project is about the cause and disadvantages of smoking. I am not only going to explain the health risks linked to smoking but I am also going to put the financial risks involved with smoking. This project is going to cover the diseases that smoking causes, pictures of body organs affected by smoking, facts about smoking, why smoking isn't banned, benefits of giving up smoking, history of tobacco and a bibliography of all the sources of information used in this project. So read on for my project on "Smoking and its Effects." The History of Tobacco In 3000 B.C the Ancient Egyptians burnt sweet herbs and frankincense when sacrificing to their gods. This was the beginning of smoking. Then in the beginning of the Christian era smoke was inhaled through the burning fur of a hare, the diagnoses for epilepsy was the inhalation of smoke from a goat's horn and for consumption, smoke inhaled through a reed of dried dung of an ox. Somewhere in the United States was believed to be the birthplace of tobacco, a plant of the genus Nicotiana. How and when it was discovered is unknown (Huron Indian myth has it that in ancient times, when the land was barren and the people were starving, the Great Spirit sent forth a woman to save humanity. ...read more.

Middle

In 1699 France's Louis XIV and his physician, Fagon, opposed smoking. Snuff taking spread, probably because it was comparatively discreet and no one would know unless they hear you sneeze. The Portuguese introduced smoking into India, Eastern Asia and Japan. In 1830 the first Cuban Segar (that is what it was called then) arrived in London at a shop called Robert Lewis in St James' Street. The world's first factory to produce cigarettes by mass-production methods was established in Havana, Cuba, by Don Luis Susini, who abandoned hand rolling for steam-driven machines in 1853. Later on in 1908 selling cigarettes to under 16 year old became illegal. By the mid-1990s after the gradual introduction of anti-smoking measures such as the mushrooming of 'no smoking' signs in cinemas, theatres, shops and other public meeting places - mainly to avoid paying the increased insurance premiums levied against smokers, cigarettes and pipes were in decline. And lastly by early 1998, the number of British adult smokers had dropped to just 15 million, only slightly less than a third of the population and the biggest and mostly overlooked 'minority' in the UK. Diseases caused by Smoking CANCER In the last 50 years surveys have been carried out in Britain and they show one common thing. ...read more.

Conclusion

that of people who have never smoked * Risk of death returns to nearly the level of people who have never smoked The financial effects of Smoking The effects of smoking are no just based on health risks but there are also other problems involved with smoking. One of these problems is the money involved with smoking. On average a packet of cigarettes costs about £4.33 and an average smoker smokes about a packet of cigarettes a day. If you want to find out how much an average smoker pays for cigarettes per annum you do this: £4.33 (a packet of cigarettes) ? 7 (days per week) = £ 30.31 (amount paid for cigarettes a week) £ 30.31 (amount paid for cigarettes a week) ? 52 (weeks per year) = £1576.12 (amount paid for cigarettes a year) So an average smoker pays approximately £1576.12 a year, so if you take up smoking you are more than likely to spend more than £1500 a year in cigarettes. In the U.K the price of a pack of 20 premium brand cigarettes currently costs £4.33, of which £3.45 (80%) is tax. Thus out of the £1576.12 spent a year by a smoker 80% is taken by the Government, which is £1260.90. This is the main reason why the Government doesn't ban smoking, because they are making £1260.90 per smoker per year in the U.K. ...read more.

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