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Sociological perspectives to health and ill-health, with an assessment of the biomedical and socio-medical models of health.

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P1: Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill health. M1: Assess the Bio-medical and socio-medical models of health. In this essay I will be discussing the sociological approaches to ill health& health whilst assessing the biomedical & socio-medical issues and linking them to the given scenario. There are four particular approaches that I will be focussing on these are: Functionalism, Marxism, Interactionism and Feminism. The functionalist approach to health & ill health is a statement which was inspired by the work of Talcott Parsons. He concluded that in order for a society to function correctly & effectively all the members within the society must be healthy. Those within the society that were sick would be seen as a barrier that stops society from progressing. These people were also seen as deviant & their role in society was labelled the ?sick role? which also came with rights & responsibilities. If you were declared sick you were immune from going to: school, college, work and social & family obligations. This also made responsibilities for the family as Parsons believed it was a key function and their duty to care for the other sick or dependent members of the family. ...read more.


As they both do not work a doctor at a health service may not serve their interests to their full potential as they are not assigned to any company which will need them to be well. The Interactionist Approach looks into the ill health & health topic in depth and tries to firstly unfold the reasons as to why or how someone will class themselves as sick and secondly how the professional and patient communicate and come to agreement about their illness. Interactionist focus on finding links between professionals and people, friends & family. The Interactionist approach believes that some people who are seriously ill will not class themselves as ill in order to retain their self-image and relationships. They question how people decide if they are ?ill enough? to go to the doctor. Friends and relatives are often important in interpreting something as a ?symptom? serious enough for the doctor?s attention. patients? reasons for seeking medical help are affected by cultural background. Zola showed this in His study in the USA found that Italians often got help because symptoms interfered with personal relationships. Anglo-Saxons were more likely to seek help if symptoms affected their work, while the Irish were likely to present symptoms because of pressure from others to seek help. ...read more.


One disadvantage of this is for example Tamsela?s mum, who was prescribed drugs for ?depression?. Without actually tackling the reason of why she is depressed, she will just continuously be taking the drugs to cure it when in fact it could just make her become addicted to it. This could make her even more ill, & still will not help her problems. On the other hand an advantage of this is that it focuses on the treatment and the management for those that are sick. Socio-medical model of health focuses on the environment and how it affects people. These include poverty, diet, pollution, and access to clean water and toilet facilities. These factors have a strong impact on the overall health and wellness of individuals, communities, and even countries. For example Aziz & Tamsela are living poor housing. poor housing and poverty causes breathing problems, & Tamsela already has asthma , it make it worse and possibly lead to death . One advantage is that it aims to help these causes of ill health & tries to encourage society to include better housing by introducing programmes to tackle poverty as a solution. A weakness is that it takes time to look for factors effecting the illness and a prevention to stop it happening again which could be impossible. Fatima Kamara CN06 Student no : 30030456 Group 2 ...read more.

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