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Specialists and Generalists.

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Topic: Specialists and Generalists In the 21st century, the society and technology develop rapidly, leading our life better and more complicated. As the high technology is involved in our daily lives and replaces some human beings' works, it affects the demands of professional persons such as generalists and specialists. Generalists can provide a great deal of information on many topics of interest with a big range of ideas. And specialists are persons who solve problems or fixing things in depth methods, concentrate on some specific fields. Some people say that specialists too abundant to need, because of the high technology. We need more generalists who can provide broad perspectives rather than specialists. In my opinion, it is wrong. The specialists are necessary to need as well as generalists. Specialists are necessary to gain a better understanding of more in depth methods to solve problems or fixing things. One good example of why specialists are necessary is in the medical field. Doctors are necessary for people to live healthy. When a person is sick, he/she may go to a general practitioner to find out the cause of his/her problems. Usually, this kind of generalised doctors can help most patients with simple and effective treatments. Sometimes, house doctors cannot diagnose or solve the patients' problems based on his/her knowledge. ...read more.


On the other hand, generalists can provide a great deal of information on many topics of interest with a broad range of ideas. A generalist can take on problems that are ordinarily of larger scope, scale, and complexity than those addressed by specialists. Generalists are necessary to provide solutions to some large problems in overall views. A good example of why we need generalists in our daily life is corporate leader or (Chief Executive Officer) CEO. CEO is necessary for a company's operating. The CEO is responsible for the success or failure of the company. Operations, marketing, strategy, financing, creation of company culture, human resources, hiring, firing, compliance with safety regulations, sales, and so on. It all falls on the CEO's shoulders. Of course, CEO don't need to expert all of them, just understand a little bit about everything, such as how to manage daily operation, indicate the marketing strategy, measure the financial results, human resource management, issue company's regulations. He/She acts as a person who provides a general solution or indicates the direction for the whole company in an overall view. Since the CEO provide a general solution for the large problem which relate to the several company units, the company's specialists can concentrate on their own specific fields. ...read more.


The most important thing to remember with specialists and generalists is to recognise their strengths and weaknesses and capitalise on the strengths to achieve the goal. "The goal of a generalist is to solve the problem at hand, to engineer a fitting solution. The goal of the specialist is to find problems that fit the solutions at hand," said Jorma Ollila, CEO of Finnish mobile phone company-Nokia, at 2003 CEO Summit in London. (Wall Street Journal Europe, 24 November 2003). Consequently, the combination of using specialists and generalists is a perfect strategy of human resources management in a company, at aim to operate more efficiently. As a conclusion, the specialists are necessary to need as well as generalists. They are equally important. Generalists provide a great deal of information on many topics with a range of ideas. And the generalists can analyse the large and complicated problems in overall views, and then indicate the correct directions to solve them. The specialists concentrate on their specific fields. They solve problems and fix some things in the deep methods. The generalists know a little bit about everything, not expert on specific topics as specialists. In the modern human resource management, the managers employ both specialists and generalists and recognise their strengths and weakness, in order to capitalise on the strengths to achieve the companies' goals. Therefore, it is necessary to need both professional persons while society and technology are changing rapidly. ...read more.

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