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Specific communication needs patients have that require support including technology

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Introduction

Jordan Palmer Unit 1 - M2 06/11/08 People with disabilities can sometimes gain support from various different types of communication or gain aid from a technology. Hearing Disability As well as the simple ways to support people with hearing disabilities such as making sure communication takes place in a quiet room and maybe using signers or interpreters there are also a few technological aids that can be used to assist. This could range from IT support, hearing aids, induction loops and minicom to even something as well known as text messaging. The way in which hearing aids work is that inside they have an attached microphone, therefore any sound can be picked up and the person hears it louder, however it does not improve the quality of the oral communication being given so people will still have to speak clearly. The use of a laptop in lectures or meetings etc can help because it allows the disabled person to type and lip read at the same time, but only if they have the correct typing skills. ...read more.

Middle

Glasses cam be used for aesthetic reasons but are generally worn to improve vision. They consist of a simple frame that fits over the nose, across the eyes and behind the ears, in front of both eyes there is a lens. It is the lenses that correct vision, they work by changing the direction of the light that comes into the eyes, and depending on the severity of the visual disability the lens will have a certain index of refraction and a certain amount of space between the two surfaces of the lens. Contact lenses work in the same way as glasses except instead of being set in framework that are based in front of the face they are placed in the eyes separated from the cornea by floating on tears. Programmes that can be installed on computers to support people with visual disabilities are: Supernova (used to enlarge screen and has a speech output), ZoomText (changes font size, colours, cursor size and smoothes text). ...read more.

Conclusion

These can be electrical or simply self operated by moving the wheels. Spoken language differences Supports that can be provided for this barrier of communication is translators, interpreters, visual communication such as attempting to act out the communication with maybe hand or arm gestures and using signs and symbols maybe found around the environment or drawn up by yourself. A technological aid that can help overcome this barrier in certain situations is computer based translators. This would be useful for maybe understanding an email that is in a language you can't understand, all you s imply have to do is input the text into the translator, select which language you would like the text converted to and press go. However there are problems with using this system. Each language has its own way of structuring sentences, so when a piece of text is converted the computer system will generally translate it word for word, this meaning some of the words will appear to be in the wrong order in a sentence, maybe making communication still not understandable. ...read more.

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