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Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3- 5 years and 5-8 years.

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Introduction

1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years. Development is the process of learning new skills and abilities. It is important to realise that all children are individuals, so although they will all go through the same stages of development, they will not necessarily do so at the same time. When talking about children?s development, the term ?average child? is often used. As practitioners, we should not consider any child to be average, but focus on the child as a whole. In my placement as a teaching assistant in a local primary school, we are taught to take into account the whole of the child?s development. This is called holistic development. There are four stages of human growth patterns. These are Childhood (which in four stages is known as infancy, early childhood, preschool and school age), Adolescence, Adulthood and Later Adulthood. The main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years. It is during the first two years that childhood begins. This is known as the infancy stage, which lasts from birth to eighteen months. A baby will develop from a new-born, to lifting their head, sit unsupported, and will be able to throw or kick a ball at 2 years old. ...read more.

Middle

They can understand simple instructions such as wave goodbye and give kisses, along with copying the sounds of animals. Children enjoy being around people they already know, and become distressed if left with people they do not immediately recognise. They will have learnt the ability to play alone, and will happily do this. Music has been discovered and nursery rhymes are thoroughly enjoyed. One Year By the time a child reaches their first birthday, they should be able to crawl or walk, and may be able to climb stairs with supervision, although balance is still difficult to maintain. Intellectual development has increased at a very fast rate. Competency is improved, and they can focus more easily. They will also understand that not everyone has the same preferences as them. Children of this age should also of started to talk, and may be able to say simple words such as ?mum? and ?dad?. Reactions are often copied and feelings imitated. Confidence starts to improve, and a sense of identity has been developed. Two Years Mobility has increased majorly since the first birthday. Children will be able to run and walk along with navigating steps or stairs. Ball game skills have been improved, and they will be able to kick and throw a ball, but may not have the confidence to catch. ...read more.

Conclusion

Children understand the importance of sharing, and will have developed a sense for what is right and what is wrong. The main development of a child from the age range 5-8. Between the ages of 5-8, a child?s physical ability has improved significantly. By this age the child will have the confidence to ride a bicycle unaided, run and jump. They will also be confident in balancing. Reading has improved along with developing more complex mathematical skill. Reading and writing will now be able to be completed individually, with little or no intervention. Descriptions have become more accurate and detailed, and they can understand comparisons, similarities and opposites in different tenses with confidence. Children in this age range are more demanding and stubborn, meaning they become more competitive as they fulfil the need to succeed. As the child will become more competitive, arguments will start to happen, meaning they will experience different moods before they reach 8 years. After the eighth birthday, the child becomes more mature meaning fewer arguments tend to happen. The need to succeed is still apparent, and children over 8 require appraisal and approval from peers. At this stage the child will prefer to spend time alone over socialising, however may still forge a friendship with just one friend, which they often refer to as being the ?best friend?. ...read more.

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