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Task 4: How important were Lister's experiments with anti septic in the development of safer surgery

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Task 4: How important were Lister's experiments with anti septic in the development of safer surgery? As well as anaesthetics, antiseptics were the most important discovery of the 19th century in the medical profession. After May 16th 1867, when Lister published his results of using his treatments on eleven compound fracture cases, antiseptics were used much more and the amount of deaths from sepsis decreased dramatically. Lister's results showed that eight out of the eleven patients he treated with a compound fracture made a full recovery. Of these eleven, eight made uneventful recoveries. Two had been attacked by hospital disease but both recovered and one patient died but his death was caused by the broken bone end piercing an artery and was not due to sepsis. This was a record of success never before attained in this type of injury. His results showed how much of an impact using antiseptics had. These results also showed that this was the way forward in medicine and this great improvement and Lister's findings helped to save lives and lower the death rate by an astonishing amount. Because of the research that Lister did, it allowed other people to experiment and try out new ways to improve Lister's methods further. ...read more.


Pasteur also pioneered the practise of immunization, whereby protection from a particular disease was given for a limited length of time. Simpson discovered chloroform and discovered that it was a good anaesthetic. It appeared to have all the virtues, his experiments had proven that it had a rapid, easy induction and it was powerful and pleasant, easy to give, convenient and cheap. It was non-inflammable and so could be given in small pokey rooms, near a spouting gas jet. This was impossible with ether as it was flammable, it also left the patient severely sick and feeling horrible. Simpson promoted it to the medical public and it was widely accepted and used as an alternative to ether. This helped Lister as he would not be able to perform more than the basic operations without Simpson's breakthrough with Chloroform. Florence Nightingale was the almost the soul reason for improved nursing. This was one of the biggest aids to surgeons and patients and helped improve the death rate dramatically. In 1856, on her return from the Crimea she set about reforming civilian nursing and designing better hospitals. Florence nightingale showed the public and medical profession just how important the nurses were to the recovery of a patient whose mind could be set ...read more.


The smell in the operating theatres would be veil. There would be vomit everywhere as patients would often be sick due to the amount of human waste that was spewed around the place. After care of patients would be almost non existent and would be nothing like today's standards. Today nurses constantly monitor and patients and make sure they are recovering properly. In 1860, nurses were often drunkards who were not trustworthy and had no respect for or from the doctors. It was this bad relationship with the doctors that contributed for the lack of efficiency in hospitals at this time. Lister and Florence Nightingale helped to change this and showed people how important cleanliness and fighting germs was. Florence Nightingale also helped to make nursing into a respectable profession and showed how essential nurses were to the recovery of patients. She cleaned up hospitals and made sure doctors and nurses were on good terms to ensure a healthy relationship and efficient work. She also gave nurses an education to they were medically knowledgeable so as to care for the patient properly. Thanks to the help of James Simpson, surgery was painless and the recovery after was improved. Thanks to Pasteur and Koch, immunisation became popular and led to the advancements and discoveries of many of today's immunisations to numerous diseases. ?? ?? ?? ?? Millie Popovic ...read more.

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