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The 19th century saw great improvements in health and medicine - Do you agree?

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The 19th century saw great Improvements in health and medicine. Do you agree? Medicine is getting better through time as there were many discoveries such as the smallpox and Pasteur's germ theory, but just because medicine was improving it doesn't mean that health was improving. Health, hygiene and medicine are very important but in the 19th century health wasn't that important as people didn't know that pollution and germs caused infections and diseases. I disagree that the 19th century saw improvements in health as the population kept on increasing and houses were built closer together, this caused people and places to become more crowded. Conditions in the countryside were becoming as bad as in the towns. Bad water supplies, inadequate drains, damp houses, over crowding, and indifference to rubbish all helped to spread disease. Diarrhoea, typhus and the dreaded typhoid and cholera sometimes ravaged cottages as severely as they did the slums of the city. Towns were in very bad conditions as filth of every kind was scattered about or heaped up against the walls, pigs, cows and horses were lodged under the same roof of their owners. ...read more.


Jenner was given 30,000 pounds to open up a Vaccination clinic in London. Jenner's discovery was made possible by science and the government. Another great discovery was Louis Pasteur's germ theory. His discovery was made possible by technology and science. A man in the late 1600s made some of the earliest microscopes. He patiently used then to study every thing, food, water ect. To his amazement he found organisms, he called them animal cules. He described his findings to the Royals society in London. In the 1830s Joseph Lister, developed a microscope that magnified 1,000 times without distortion. Then a scientist called Louis Pasteur was interested I microorganisms. He was asked to help a brewing company because their vats of alcohol were going bad. He then discovered that microorganisms were growing in the liquids. He developed the theory of germs. He solved the problem, showing him germs are killed at a boiling point. It happened again, a disease was affecting silkworm rapidly. Pasteur was called in to investigate Here again he found that a particular microorganism seemed to be causing the silkworm disease. ...read more.


In the 1830s the poor law commission employed a civil servant called Edwin Chadwick to investigate the living conditions and health of the poor. He recommended proper drainage, the removal of all refuse from the streets and roads and the improvement of the supplies of water. The government wanted local councils to adopt his ideas but this would cost money, which meant that local taxes would have to be raised. Local councils therefore did not adopt Chadwick's recommendations. They believed in the theory of Laissez Faire. Then in 1875 the government used the recommendations of Chadwick and made the Health act. People had to be vaccinated; there was improved education, isolation hospitals for infectious diseases, improved food qualities sold in shops and Laws against pollution of rivers. The government realised that it was in everyone's interest to force towns to clean up, this caused the Laissez faire to weaken. Medicine has improved through time, and health improved near the end of the 19th century. At the end all the discoveries made have helped us here In the future, the germ theory helped health. I really can't imagine living in the 1800s, as life was difficult. ...read more.

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