• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aim of this assignment is to investigate the dietary requirements for people of different ages, gender and lifestyles.

Extracts from this document...


Dietary Requirements Introduction The aim of this assignment is to investigate the dietary requirements for people of different ages, gender and lifestyles. This will include looking at the nutrients found in a variety of different food groups and also calorie intake. As males require a higher calorie intake than females, when referring to a persons calorie requirement at different stages I will be stating the number as male/female, e.g. at age 0-3 months a male requires 545 kcal and females require 515 kcal, so this will be expressed as 0-3 months = 545/515 kcal. Calorie Intake A person's energy requirement will vary throughout their life due to growth and activity levels, increasing greatly through its early stages, puberty and teens, then declining slowly from the age of twenty. Over the first four months breast milk is fed to a baby, which provides the required antibodies and nutrition. At this stage the calorie requirement is 545/515. Between four to six months, the energy requirement is increased to 690/645. ...read more.


This decreases in males to 2380 at age sixty, 2330 at sixty five and 2100 at seventy five. In females, the energy requirement lowers to 1900 at age fifty and drops again to 1810 at age seventy five. These decreases in later life can be attributed to a person's general lifestyle, such as retirement. As well as growth, energy is needed for the every day workings of the body, whether the person is sleeping, relaxing, walking, or running a marathon. There are a few exceptions to these energy requirements. A pregnant woman will require extra energy, depending at which stages of the pregnancy, to cope with the demands of the growing baby. The woman will also need to intake extra iron, calcium and folic acid. This will also increase if the individual is undergoing physical activity. Energy and Nutrients All children and adults need to eat a good variety of fruit and vegetables. A combination of green leafy vegetables, red berries and other fruits and vegetables give a good balance of vitamins. ...read more.


Soya is a good dairy alternative for those who may be lactose intolerant or who prefer a lower fat product. Over half of the adult population in the UK is overweight. Getting the right balance between energy input and energy output is vital to keeping fit and healthy, and avoid becoming overweight. We need to make sure that the energy we take in from proteins, fats, carbohydrates and alcohol is enough to meet the needs of our energy outputs, basal metabolic rate and physical activity level. High in fat and sugar or heavily processed and fried foods should be avoided such as: ready meals; white bread; cakes, biscuits, chocolate and sweets; chips and crisps. Obesity can lead to other health issues such as joint problems, high bloody pressure, heart disease and diabetes; all of which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Conclusion A balanced diet is essential at any stage in life, and energy levels should reflect the individual's age, gender and lifestyle in order to maintain a healthy energy balance. Everyone should eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day and try to avoid foods high in fat, sugar and salt. Fresh foods are of more benefit than processed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay relating to calorie intake and a balanced diet. It clearly states the amount of calories needed at various life stages and the components of a balanced diet.

However, it is lacking a little depth in explanation about why these needs are required. There is a little too focused reference to sports and not life stages in the second half. It is important to remember that a balanced diet is for health not just energy.

A little more explanation about why would enhance this essay.


Marked by teacher Sam Morran 08/01/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Development Through the Life Stages

    3 star(s)

    As stated in BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care Book 1, "that some psychologists suggest that there is stage of thinking where adults become more skilled in their ability to make flexible judgment. Many adults develop an ability that could be called 'wisdom' as they grow older".

  2. Protecting Adults

    For example care workers keep clients files confidential in order for the client trust them. Weaknesses are that:- 1 There would be no trust if there is no supportive relationship between the clients and service users. 2 The client will not be able to deal with certain things like emotions which will result in anger.

  1. For Early years and education A04 I am going to plan and carry out ...

    To achieve my second aim outlined above which is to find out what type of learner the child is I will be observing and taking notes on the ways in which the child approaches the different tasks during the activity so that I will be able to recognise what type of learner the child is.

  2. Unit 21 Nutrition for health and social care

    Calcium: Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body and has several important functions. Calcium is the top macro mineral when it comes to your bones. This mineral helps build strong bones, so you can do everything from standing up straight to scoring that winning goal.

  1. Unit 4 P4, P5 & D2. Development Through The Life Stages

    messengers are sent out from 1 part of the body to effect cells in the rest of the body hormones are usually released in to the blood stream. Hormones have different side effects on our body such as mood swings, control reproductive cycle, cause hunger/cravings, prepare our body for puberty, childbirth and menopause.

  2. Unit 10 caring for children and young people

    By the parent or child commuting a serious crime or multiple offences it can result in the child/children being put into care or placed into a Juvenile Centre. There are may reasons why parents and children may commit crime including: the child not doing well at school, the child truanting

  1. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the ...

    Undertaking serious case reviews and advising parties and agencies accordingly. 7. Scrutinising safeguarding activities undertaken by the Children's Trust Board and Board member partner agencies. 8. Any other activities that facilitate or are conducive to the achievement of the Board's Objectives.

  2. Report on Counselling for Health and Social Care

    Clarifying the feelings the client expresses in order to help understand his or her emotions. For example, ?It seems to me that you are worried because you suspect that your husband may be cheating on you.? It is helpful to clients to let them know that their reactions to a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work