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The Arguments For and Against the Use of Hormones as a Form of Birth Control in Humans

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Introduction

James Wilson The Arguments For and Against the Use of Hormones as a Form of Birth Control in Humans. Hormonal forms of birth control are very popular in today's world; this is probably due to an increase in casual sex. A recent study showed that, "3.25 million women in the UK and 16 million in the USA aged 16-49 use the Contraceptive Pill as their preferred method of birth control". It may be the most successful contraceptive around at the current time but there are many disadvantages that come with taking hormonal contraception, some only minor effects but others that could lead to fatality. Hormonal contraceptives are; the "pill" taken orally and implants/ injections. They work by suppressing ovulation in the menstrual cycle, they make cervix mucus thick and impenetrable to sperm and thin the uterus lining making it less likely for a fertilised egg to attach to it and develop. Hormonal forms of contraception are extremely effective having a 99% success rate however they do not protect against catching sexually transmitted infections. ...read more.

Middle

The Family Health Encyclopedia suggests that," The Pill should not be taken if you are currently suffering, or ever have suffered from hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, liver disease, otosclerosis and thromboses." The Pill was first introduced in the 60's and at the time was believed to increase the risk of contracting cancer of the endometrium and ovaries and also heart related problems. However researches at Wayne State University in Detroit found that taking the Pill actually lowers the risk of contracting these problems. "A study based on 67,000 women who have ever taken the Pill has found that there was an 8% reduction of cardio-vascular problems, a 7% lowered risk of contracting any form of cancer, and if taken for 4 or more years a 42% lowered risk of contracting ovarian cancer and 30% less likely to develop uterine cancer." So according to the Wayne State researchers the longer the woman has used the Pill the greater the benefits will be in terms of a less likely chance of contracting various fatal diseases. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has an extremely high success rate and along with the main advantage of that you won't become pregnant it also helps with the periods as well. Whether it actually lowers the risk of contracting cancer or not is questionable as the data collected from various sources seems rather inconsistent. However the idea is that if you take hormonal contraception you are less at risk of developing cancer at some point in your life. The problem is it only lowers the risk of ovarian and uterine cancer, so you are still at risk like everyone else in the world of contracting the many other forms of cancer, whether it be lung cancer, pancreatic cancer or liver cancer. My advice therefore is this, if your main concern is not wanting to become pregnant then I would definitely suggest hormonal birth control. However be aware of the effect it has on your health, some side effects are only temporary but there are other more serious effects to consider when taking this form of contraception. ...read more.

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