• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The costs of cigarette smoking on human health

Extracts from this document...


The costs of cigarette smoking on human health In this essay I am going to investigate the costs of cigarette smoking on human health. To do is thoroughly I am going to discuss several issues around this title so that I can produce an accurate conclusion towards the end of this essay. I am going to explore mainly about the physical and financial costs but I will also look into the social and emotional costs a little. To do this I am going to use several sources of three or four types for facts and information on the subject and the topics surrounding it. These will most likely be from the World Wide Web, books from the library, revision books and a scientific magazine. There are four main dangerous groups of substances contained in cigarette smoke, which are Carcinogens, Tar, Nicotine and Carbon monoxide. Carcinogens damage the DNA of the cells in the lungs, which can eventually lead to lung cancer. Tar coats the lining of the alveoli in the lungs. It slows down gaseous exchange and permanently damages the alveoli. Nicotine is the addictive part of a cigarette, which makes people want to continue smoking. Carbon monoxide combines irreversibly with haemoglobin and prevents it from carrying oxygen. ...read more.


Mouth, nose and throat. Chronic bronchitis and other lung diseases Peptic ulcers (ulcers in the stomach and duodenum) - increase both in incidence and the time they take to heal Buerger's disease, which can lead to gangrene. Larynx Recurrent infections in the airways. Tobacco amblyopia (defective vision) and other eye diseases such as cataract Oesophagus Damage and loss of efficiency in the lungs. Reduced fertility Pancreas Bladder Stomach Myeloid leukaemia Kidney 6 A box of twenty cigarettes costs roughly five pounds, so I calculated that smoking ten cigarettes a day of a twenty box for one year would cost a smoker a large sum of �912.50,7 which could have been spent on more useful products such as education, house bills and more importantly for health. It would mean he/she could've of spent this amount on money on food such as vegetables and good quality food. As the RNIB website shows good nutrition is very important for both your general and eye health. A good nutrition or healthy diet helps your body to grow, repair, wear and tear, protect against infection and to function properly depending on what type of food you have consumed. A good example of the effects of health on a human is an eye condition called 'Xerophthalmia', which is a common cause of childhood blindness in developing countries. ...read more.


However, these semen alterations were present only in men who both smoked and drank, and not in men with one habit but not the other. Dr. Marta Fiol de Cuneo had said that for normally fertile men, the reductions in semen quality are not enough to leave him infertile. However these sperm changes might make the situation worse in men who already have fertility problems.11 In conclusion I think smoking has several negative effects on human health. The costs of smoking on human health are financially high, which means that the large sum of money wasted on cigarettes could have been spent wisely on health and healthy food products. But there are also physical, social and emotional costs to be considered. The large amount of chemicals present in cigarettes is horrendous. Cigarette smoking also causes a wide range of diseases that a human would be disadvantaged by, this being short-term and long-term. Smoking also costs the NHS greatly since they have to spend a huge amount of money to help people with smoking related illnesses. Even though services such as the NHS are striving to help smokers quit smoking, it is very difficult for them to a put a stop to smoking since the nicotine in cigarettes is very addictive making it hard for the smoker to quit once he/she has started. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. The health issue that I have chosen to focus on is smoking. Research shows ...

    Skin wounds take longer to heal and the immune system may be less effective in smokers compared to non-smokers. Smoking also has other effects on the body. (3) Below is a diagram showing what smoking can do to your body: (3)

  2. Unit 6

    Looking after children 嬡y and supporting them in all aspects of development hel******enefit the child for a lif******try requirements Nursery assistants may be able to gain em******nt with few or no academic******fications, although some G******or equivalent qualifications) will usually be an advantage******sery nurses usually need t****** a relevant child care

  1. External influences of Cigarette smoking and diseases caused by Cigarette smoking

    It also mimics another neurotransmitter, which is called Dopamine. This inhibition causes long-lasting changes to cell connections and may explain why it is so addictive. Nicotine is addictive, but not carcinogenic, and therefore allows people to use nicotine patches, which give the brain nicotine, without giving the tar to the lungs causing lung cancer.

  2. Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder

    Staging of 5 out of 6 cases reported in Kempton et al (1997) study, showed MALT lymphoma occurred as a single mass and the remaining case showed multifocal involvement of the bladder. In article by Cohen et al,(2002), the best diagnostic imaging study to make the diagnosis is CT scanning

  1. HC01 - Revision of ALL sections

    Diagnosed and treated 6. Discharged or admitted Day Surgery * Does not require a stay in hospital and leads to much faster recovery and less chance of infection * Endoscopy - tube with light and camera no need for opening abdomen * Keyhole surgery is an endoscopy with instruments attached e.g.

  2. The Cost of Smoking to Human Health. Smoking tobacco is a highly addictive and ...

    The chemicals in one cigarette can immobilise cillia in the bronchioles for several hours. Smoke particles also encourage the secretion of mucus, which together leads to the blockage of airways, as the excess mucus is not carried out of the lungs by the cillia.

  1. The Costs of Cigarette Smoking.

    In emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs are enlarged and damaged.12 This reduces the surface area of the lung available for exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide.

  2. the cost of cigarette smoking on human health

    do not ensure that the child is not exposed to the smoke from their cigarettes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work