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The effects of smoking

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Introduction

The effects of smoking on the body Almost one third of the World's population are smokers for one reason or another, appearance, reduce stress etc. However, I, and many others, find it very difficult to believe smoking can aid anyone's appearance as it encourages early ageing, and I do not believe that any of the risks that smoking has is worth any amount of stress relief that it can provide. Cigarette smoking can have serious health effects on the human body. Smoking causes a variety of life threatening diseases. This is because they contain more than 4,000 chemicals (www.click2quit.co.uk), including 43 of which cause cancer (www.betterhealthchannel.com.au). Nicotine is a substance in cigarettes which although does not cause cancer itself, it is a highly addictive drug that is toxic and potentially lethal (www.click2quit.co.uk). Apart from its use in tobacco products, nicotine is a scheduled poison. Tobacco smoke contains many dangerous chemicals, the most damaging of which are; tar, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, metals and radioactive compounds. ...read more.

Middle

These can be caused by many cigarette contents. Tar is the collective term for various particles suspended in tobacco smoke. It contains the carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene that is known to trigger tumour development (cancer). Not only does tar trigger tumour development but it also coats the alveoli with its sticky substance, which slows down the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen. Animal experiments have shown that nitrogen oxides damage the lungs in such a way that they cause the lung disease emphysema. Hydrogen cyanide destroys the cilia lining the bronchial tubes, which reduces the efficiency in getting rid of foreign substances that enter the respiratory system, resulting in the poisonous ingredients of tobacco smoke remaining in the lungs. Ammonia also damages the lungs affecting the ability of the body to breathe, it is a strong chemical found in household cleaners and formaldehyde (used for preserving dead bodies in morgues) (www.betterhealthchannel.com.au). Bronchitis is a disease which can be a result of the bronchi and bronchioles becoming inflamed causing irritating fluid in the lungs, coughing and increased risk of heart disease. ...read more.

Conclusion

(www.vh.org) * Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) - the more common of the two types (80% of lung cancers), non-small cell lung cancer generally, grows more slowly than SCLC. It is divided into three different types, adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. NSCLC involves vital organs and organ systems within the respiratory system and throughout the body to be engulfed by the tumour. (www.vh.org) Although few people argue that smoking can be beneficial for stress, I strongly disagree that smoking can in any way be beneficial enough to be worth the risk of any effects discussed above. I agree that cigarettes can be addictive due to the effects of nicotine present in them, but would never consider risking lung cancer over a little stress relief from smoking, as there is very clearly a strong link between the two. This link can also be shown by an estimated 430,000 deaths each year being directly caused by cigarette smoking (www.mamashealth.com), which I consider a far too bigger risk for any amount of stress relief. ...read more.

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