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The physical, intellectual, emotional and social effects on someone with Down's Syndrome

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Introduction

´╗┐The physical, intellectual, emotional and social effects on someone with Down's syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic condition where a person inherits an extra copy of one chromosome. It has many effects, for example, it affects people physically, intellectually, emotionally and socially. Individuals living with Down syndrome are affected physically. For example, children with Down syndrome are usually much shorter than other children their ages because they have poor muscle tone. Growth continues through childhood but most adults with Down syndrome are below average height. They also tend to look different as they typically have a flat facial profile and eyes that slant upwards. Other facial features include smaller ears, a flat back of the head and protruding tongue. Other physical problems include cataracts, hearing and sight problems, and make them more susceptible to encountering infections. Later in life there's also an increased risk of leukaemia and Alzheimer?s dementia. Someone living with downs syndrome has an average life expectancy of 60 years. ...read more.

Middle

Children with Down syndrome can learn, and are capable of developing skills throughout their lives. They learn more slowly and have difficulties with complex reasoning and judgment, but they do have the capacity to learn. The only thing is that they take longer to develop skills and they reach their goals at a different pace. This is a long term effect as it takes time to gradually build skills, but with the right support they will achieve their goals. There is often a misunderstanding that people with Down syndrome have little or no ability to learn, which is untrue as people with Down syndrome develop over the course of their lifetime. The learning potential of a person with Down syndrome can be boosted and maximized through good education, higher expectations without placing too much pressure on the individual, and plenty of encouragement from teachers, family and friends. This is a long term effect as learning is something they will do gradually over a long period of time and possibly quite slowly, which takes a lot of patience and hard work. ...read more.

Conclusion

These are These are things that children and adults with Down syndrome, can build on throughout their lifetime to enhance their social inclusion and quality of life. The opportunity to establish friendships may be affected by social independence and by a delay in speech and language. For example, to help with this parents and teachers can encourage friendship opportunities of children during primary school and teenage years. The importance of friendships with both unaffected people and people with similar disabilities is stressed, as is the need to develop play, leisure and independence skills. Most children and teenagers with Down syndrome have age-appropriate social behaviour, but some children do develop difficult behaviours which cause family stress which impacts their family and also affects social and educational inclusion. This can be helped by having therapy and possibly anger management sessions to monitor behaviour. This is a short term effect as it can be managed with the right support from friends and family and friendships can be made over time. It is also a long term effect as it can take a while for behaviour and social issues to be overcome. ...read more.

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