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The process of child development and factors that may affect it.

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Introduction

Unit TDA 2.1 Task 1 Age Gross Motor Skills Fine Motor Skills Effective Practice Birth to 2 years Becoming aware of themselves - First start to roll over, then sitting, crawling, standing then walking. Tries to kick. Interested in the environment and surroundings. Can walk up the stairs - assisted or holding on. Palmer and pincer grip Becoming more aware of their own likes and dislikes. Looking around and pointing. Smiling. Block building. Talking Singing Reading Giving choice 2-5 years Can now run and climb. Pedal a bike on their own. Can stand on tiptoes. Is able to jump. Ball skills are constantly improving and so is ball coordination. Is able to take themselves to the toilet. Starting to get good control of a pencil. By the latter years they are starting to write in sentences. Is able to count and can colour in pictures. Can get dressed and undressed unassisted. Can complete simple jigsaws Reading Encourage them to try new things. More independence 5-7 years Fluent speech Can balance on apparatus with no or little help. Is able to skip with a rope. Can hop. Has growth spurts. Good ball control. Much better coordination. Draws with detail. Knows left and right. Is aware of sexual differences. Encourage Drawing Reading Writing 7-11 years Good at throwing. Balancing Good body control Is more active - sporty. More physically skilled. Confident and precise hand movements. Reads silently. Understands rules and consequences. Selective of friendships Concerned with style. ...read more.

Middle

They could become withdraw because they are ashamed or they could become over confident and bully like as a way of hiding behind this. Lack of money within the family may cause the carers to become stressed, which may have a knock on affect with the children. If the parents are stressed they may spend less time with their children and be less affectionate, which again may cause the child to rebel or become withdrawn. Religion may influence a child's development. Some religions have very strong beliefs and may not allow child to do certain things or behave in certain ways. Again this may make the child feel excluded from certain activities or social events, or may even make the child rebel against their carer's religion. Health - Medical conditions may restrict some children from playtime or certain activities, though no fault of their own. This may make it harder for the child to make friends or it may make them fall behind in lessons in class if they have to miss lessons due to appointments or because of their illness. They may also find, it hard to concentrate if they are tired or feeling poorly because of their condition. They may get upset because of this. A child's eating habits may also have an affect on their development. A child who is overweight may get called names, or may not be able to do activities as quick, like running. ...read more.

Conclusion

Task 3 Identify the transition experienced by most children and young people - Task 3.3 Describe with examples how transitions may affect children and young people's behaviour and development. Changes in a child or young persons life are happening all of the time. Although some are good changes, others can be difficult for them to deal with and may affect their behaviour or development. Some common examples are: Transition Short Term Effect Long Term Effect Starting Nursery/Childminder May be upset by being left, crying, become clingy, tantrums. May not mix well with other children, low self-confidence. Starting school Nervous, clingy, upset, Struggle to mix with other children, low confidence. Sleep problems, bed-wetting. Changing schools Upset at leaving friends Loss of appetite, lack of concentration, Aggression, withdrawn Puberty Change in body Aggression, withdrawn Some transitions that only some children may experience are: Transition Short Term Effect Long Term Effect Bereavement Crying, upset May become withdrawn or angry because of what has happened. Struggle to cope or deal with loss. Bullying Become quiet, lack of appetite. Long term may lead to an eating disorder, low self esteem, lack of confidence. May self harm as a way of dealing with it. May avoid people. Illness Miss school, away from friends, may miss social time with friends Loose friendships, become withdraw. Fall behind at school/college and have fewer opportunities because of this. Abuse Withdrawn, quiet. Upset, lack of sleep, tearful. Loose trust in people. Lack of self-confidence, does not want people to touch them or be near them. Lack of appetite. Struggle to concentrate. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay that covers nearly all the areas required. It includes some good ideas for setting out work - such as tables - to help put the points across well.

It would benefit from a little more explanation in places particularly in thinking about what happens as a consequence on things that affect development. It could also be extended to cover the older age range a little more.

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Marked by teacher Sam Morran 01/12/2012

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